Shotspotter, Inc.

United States of America

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Date
2024 April 3
2024 (YTD) 3
2023 3
2022 1
2021 2
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IPC Class
G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves 15
G01S 3/808 - Systems for determining direction or deviation from predetermined direction using transducers spaced apart and measuring phase or time difference between signals therefrom, i.e. path-difference systems 4
G06N 20/00 - Machine learning 4
G01S 5/18 - Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position-line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves 3
G06F 17/15 - Correlation function computation 3
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NICE Class
42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design 10
09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments 7
41 - Education, entertainment, sporting and cultural services 6
45 - Legal and security services; personal services for individuals. 4
39 - Transport, packaging, storage and travel services 1
Status
Pending 7
Registered / In Force 40

1.

SAFEPOINTE

      
Serial Number 98524801
Status Pending
Filing Date 2024-04-29
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ? 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design

Goods & Services

Software as a services(SAAS) services featuring software for management and administration of public safety systems, namely, systems providing for data capture, analysis, and reporting for concealed weapon and explosive detection, criminal activity prediction, field intelligence, crime analysis, fraud detection, forensics support, and criminal case management; Software as a services(SAAS) services featuring software that uses and provides access to artificial intelligence for management, analysis, relating to public safety systems; Screening and display system consisting of sensors and signal processors to detect weapons in coverage areas;

2.

SAFEPOINTE

      
Serial Number 98524811
Status Pending
Filing Date 2024-04-29
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ? 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design

Goods & Services

Software as a services(SAAS) services featuring software for management and administration of public safety systems, namely, systems providing for data capture, analysis, and reporting for concealed weapon and explosive detection, criminal activity prediction, field intelligence, crime analysis, fraud detection, forensics support, and criminal case management; Software as a services(SAAS) services featuring software that uses and provides access to artificial intelligence for management, analysis, relating to public safety systems; Screening and display system consisting of sensors and signal processors to detect weapons in coverage areas;

3.

Miscellaneous Design

      
Serial Number 98524829
Status Pending
Filing Date 2024-04-29
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ? 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design

Goods & Services

Software as a services(SAAS) services featuring software for management and administration of public safety systems, namely, systems providing for data capture, analysis, and reporting for concealed weapon and explosive detection, criminal activity prediction, field intelligence, crime analysis, fraud detection, forensics support, and criminal case management; Software as a services(SAAS) services featuring software that uses and provides access to artificial intelligence for management, analysis, relating to public safety systems; Screening and display system consisting of sensors and signal processors to detect weapons in coverage areas;

4.

Miscellaneous Design

      
Serial Number 97882718
Status Pending
Filing Date 2023-04-11
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ?
  • 09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments
  • 41 - Education, entertainment, sporting and cultural services
  • 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design

Goods & Services

Downloadable software for management and administration of public safety systems, namely, systems providing for data capture, analysis, and reporting for providing gunshot detection, criminal activity prediction, field intelligence, crime analysis, fraud detection, forensics support, and criminal case management; Downloadable software for integration and analysis of data from multiple public safety systems; Downloadable software that provides access to artificial intelligence for management, analysis, and forecasting relating to public safety systems; Computer hardware system comprised of a gunshot locator and display system consisting of sensors and signal processors to detect gunfire in coverage areas; Consultation services in the field of training for management, administration, and data analysis of public safety systems; Software as a service (SaaS) featuring software for management and administration of public safety systems, namely, systems providing for data capture, analysis, and reporting for providing gunshot detection, criminal activity prediction, field intelligence, crime analysis, fraud detection, forensics support, and criminal case management; Software as a service (SaaS) featuring software for integration and analysis of data from multiple public safety systems; Software as a service (SaaS) featuring software for artificial intelligence for management, analysis, and forecasting relating to public safety systems; Consulting services for analysis of forensic evidence relating to firearms discharge; Custom software development services for law enforcement management and operations;

5.

Miscellaneous Design

      
Serial Number 97882728
Status Pending
Filing Date 2023-04-11
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ?
  • 09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments
  • 41 - Education, entertainment, sporting and cultural services
  • 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design

Goods & Services

Computer hardware system comprised of an automatic real-time gunshot locator and display system consisting of sensors and signal processors to detect gunfire in coverage areas; Consultation services in the field of training for management, administration, and data analysis of public safety systems; Software as a service (SaaS) featuring software for management and administration of public safety systems, namely, systems providing for data capture, analysis, and reporting for providing gunshot detection, criminal activity prediction, field intelligence, crime analysis, fraud detection, forensics support, and criminal case management; Software as a service (SaaS) featuring software for integration and analysis of data from multiple public safety systems; Software as a service (SaaS) featuring software for artificial intelligence for management, analysis, and forecasting relating to public safety systems; Consulting services for analysis of forensic evidence relating to firearms discharge; Custom software development services for law enforcement management and operations;

6.

SAFETYSMART PLATFORM

      
Serial Number 97813734
Status Pending
Filing Date 2023-02-27
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ?
  • 09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments
  • 41 - Education, entertainment, sporting and cultural services
  • 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design

Goods & Services

Downloadable software for management and administration of public safety systems, namely, systems providing for data capture, analysis, and reporting for providing gunshot detection, criminal activity prediction, field intelligence, crime analysis, fraud detection, forensics support, and criminal case management; Downloadable software for integration and analysis of data from multiple public safety systems; Downloadable software that uses and provides access to artificial intelligence for management, analysis, and forecasting relating to public safety systems; Gunshot locator and display system consisting of sensors and signal processors to detect gunfire in coverage areas Consultation in the field of training for management, administration, and data analysis of public safety systems Software as a service (SaaS) featuring software for management and administration of public safety systems, namely, systems providing for data capture, analysis, and reporting for providing gunshot detection, criminal activity prediction, field intelligence, crime analysis, fraud detection, forensics support, and criminal case management; Software as a service (SaaS) featuring software for integration and analysis of data from multiple public safety systems; Software as a service (SaaS) featuring software using artificial intelligence for management, analysis, and forecasting relating to public safety systems; Consulting in the fields of forensic science for use in crime management; Consulting services for analysis of forensic evidence relating to firearms discharge; Custom software development services for law enforcement management and operations

7.

Systems and methods involving creation and/or utilization of image mosaics in classification of acoustic events

      
Application Number 17499846
Grant Number 11688037
Status In Force
Filing Date 2021-10-12
First Publication Date 2022-06-09
Grant Date 2023-06-27
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Calhoun, Robert B.
  • Lamkin, Scott
  • Rodgers, David

Abstract

Systems and methods that yield highly-accurate classification of acoustic and other non-image events, involving pre-processing data from one or more transducers and generating a visual representation of the source as well as associated features and processing, are disclosed. According to certain exemplary implementations herein, such pre-processing steps may be utilized in situations where 1) all impulsive acoustic events have many features in common due to their point source origin and impulsive nature, and/or 2) the error rates that are considered acceptable in general purpose image classification are much higher than the acceptable levels in automatic impulsive incident classification. Further, according to some aspects, the data may be pre-processed in various ways, such as to remove extraneous or irrelevant details and/or perform any required rotation, alignment, scaling, etc. tasks, such that these tasks do not need to be “learned” in a less direct and more expensive manner in the neural network.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06T 3/40 - Scaling of a whole image or part thereof
  • G06T 5/00 - Image enhancement or restoration
  • G06F 17/15 - Correlation function computation
  • G06N 3/04 - Architecture, e.g. interconnection topology
  • G06N 20/00 - Machine learning
  • G06F 18/24 - Classification techniques
  • G06V 10/82 - Arrangements for image or video recognition or understanding using pattern recognition or machine learning using neural networks

8.

Systems and methods involving creation and/or utilization of image mosaic in classification of acoustic events

      
Application Number 16557865
Grant Number 11004175
Status In Force
Filing Date 2019-08-30
First Publication Date 2021-05-11
Grant Date 2021-05-11
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Calhoun, Robert B.
  • Lamkin, Scott
  • Rodgers, David

Abstract

Systems and methods that yield highly-accurate classification of acoustic and other non-image events, involving pre-processing data from one or more transducers and generating a visual representation of the source as well as associated features and processing, are disclosed. According to certain exemplary implementations herein, such pre-processing steps may be utilized in situations where 1) all impulsive acoustic events have many features in common due to their point source origin and impulsive nature, and/or 2) the error rates that are considered acceptable in general purpose image classification are much higher than the acceptable levels in automatic impulsive incident classification. Further, according to some aspects, the data may be pre-processed in various ways, such as to remove extraneous or irrelevant details and/or perform any required rotation, alignment, scaling, etc. tasks, such that these tasks do not need to be “learned” in a less direct and more expensive manner in the neural network.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06T 3/40 - Scaling of a whole image or part thereof
  • G06N 20/00 - Machine learning
  • G06K 9/62 - Methods or arrangements for recognition using electronic means
  • G06F 17/15 - Correlation function computation
  • G06T 5/00 - Image enhancement or restoration
  • G06N 3/04 - Architecture, e.g. interconnection topology

9.

DETECT · PROTECT · CONNECT

      
Serial Number 90616451
Status Registered
Filing Date 2021-03-31
Registration Date 2022-10-04
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ? 45 - Legal and security services; personal services for individuals.

Goods & Services

Compiling crime occurrence data; Tracking and monitoring services of law enforcement activity for crime prevention and community safety purposes; Tracking, locating and monitoring of firearm discharges services for crime prevention; Providing case management services, namely, maintaining digital case file, and compiling and analyzing case data to detect crime suspects for law enforcement; Providing security services in the field of gunshot detection for law enforcement, colleges and private companies; Providing information in the field of law enforcement; Providing information in the field of private security; Consulting services in the field of crime deterrence, and data collection and crime data management; Analysis and consultation pertaining to on-campus personal safety; Providing consultation and information in the field of community response for crime prevention and community safety purposes; Consulting services to solve public safety and law enforcement problems; Consulting services in the field of the analysis of forensic evidence relating to firearm discharge; Consulting services in the field of public safety; Consulting services in the field of university, college and private facility security; Consulting services, namely, investigative services and expert witness testimony in the field of law enforcement; Consulting services, namely, investigative services and expert witness testimony as to the validity of forensic data relating to firearm discharge; Advisory and consultancy services in the field of law enforcement, private security and surveillance; Advisory and consultancy services relating to the electronic monitoring of facilities and surveillance services; Predictive crime forecasting in the nature of compiling crime occurrence data using historical data, temporal data, and geographic data to identify locations with a high risk of crime for placement of law enforcement

10.

SYSTEMS AND METHODS INVOLVING CREATION AND/OR UTILIZATION OF IMAGE MOSAICS

      
Document Number 03130360
Status Pending
Filing Date 2020-02-18
Open to Public Date 2020-08-20
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor
  • Calhoun, Robert B.
  • Lamkin, Scott
  • Rodgers, David

Abstract

Systems and methods that yield highly-accurate classification of acoustic and other non-image events are disclosed, such as those involving pre-processing data from one or more transducers and/or generating a visual representation of the source as well as associated features and processing. In some implementations, such pre-processing may be utilized when 1) all impulsive acoustic events have many features in common due to their point source origin and/or impulsive nature, and/or 2) the error rates that are considered acceptable in general purpose image classification are much higher than the acceptable levels in automatic impulsive incident classification. Further, according to some aspects, data may be pre- processed in various ways, such as to remove extraneous or irrelevant details and/or perform any required rotation, alignment, scaling, etc. tasks, such that these tasks do not need to be otherwise "learned" via the neural network.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06V 10/82 - Arrangements for image or video recognition or understanding using pattern recognition or machine learning using neural networks
  • G06V 10/764 - Arrangements for image or video recognition or understanding using pattern recognition or machine learning using classification, e.g. of video objects
  • G06T 11/60 - Editing figures and text; Combining figures or text

11.

SYSTEMS AND METHODS INVOLVING CREATION AND/OR UTILIZATION OF IMAGE MOSAICS

      
Application Number US2020018697
Publication Number 2020/168352
Status In Force
Filing Date 2020-02-18
Publication Date 2020-08-20
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor
  • Calhoun, Robert B.
  • Lamkin, Scott
  • Rodgers, David

Abstract

Systems and methods that yield highly-accurate classification of acoustic and other non-image events are disclosed, such as those involving pre-processing data from one or more transducers and/or generating a visual representation of the source as well as associated features and processing. In some implementations, such pre-processing may be utilized when 1) all impulsive acoustic events have many features in common due to their point source origin and/or impulsive nature, and/or 2) the error rates that are considered acceptable in general purpose image classification are much higher than the acceptable levels in automatic impulsive incident classification. Further, according to some aspects, data may be pre- processed in various ways, such as to remove extraneous or irrelevant details and/or perform any required rotation, alignment, scaling, etc. tasks, such that these tasks do not need to be otherwise "learned" via the neural network.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06K 9/62 - Methods or arrangements for recognition using electronic means
  • G06N 20/00 - Machine learning

12.

SHOTSPOTTER CONNECT

      
Serial Number 90114592
Status Registered
Filing Date 2020-08-14
Registration Date 2021-12-28
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ?
  • 09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments
  • 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design

Goods & Services

Downloadable mobile applications for law enforcement that use artificial intelligence for patrol management, crime forecasting, crime risk assessment and directed patrol planning, for dosage and tactics guidance, and for reporting on patrol activity; Downloadable web-based computer software for law enforcement that uses artificial intelligence for patrol management, crime forecasting, crime risk assessment and directed patrol planning, for dosage and tactics guidance, and for reporting on patrol activity; Downloadable cloud computing software for law enforcement that uses artificial intelligence for patrol management, crime forecasting, crime risk assessment and directed patrol planning, for dosage and tactics guidance, and for reporting on patrol activity Providing temporary use of on-line non-downloadable web-based computer software for law enforcement that uses artificial intelligence for patrol management, crime forecasting, crime risk assessment and directed patrol planning, for dosage and tactics guidance, and for reporting on patrol activity; Providing temporary use of on-line non-downloadable cloud computing software for law enforcement that uses artificial intelligence for patrol management, crime forecasting, crime risk assessment and directed patrol planning, for dosage and tactics guidance, and for reporting on patrol activity

13.

Systems and methods involving creation and/or utilization of image mosaic in classification of acoustic events

      
Application Number 16277993
Grant Number 10424048
Status In Force
Filing Date 2019-02-15
First Publication Date 2019-09-24
Grant Date 2019-09-24
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Calhoun, Robert B.
  • Lamkin, Scott
  • Rodgers, David

Abstract

Systems and methods that yield highly-accurate classification of acoustic and other non-image events, involving pre-processing data from one or more transducers and generating a visual representation of the source as well as associated features and processing, are disclosed. According to certain exemplary implementations herein, such pre-processing steps may be utilized in situations where 1) all impulsive acoustic events have many features in common due to their point source origin and impulsive nature, and/or 2) the error rates that are considered acceptable in general purpose image classification are much higher than the acceptable levels in automatic impulsive incident classification. Further, according to some aspects, the data may be pre-processed in various ways, such as to remove extraneous or irrelevant details and/or perform any required rotation, alignment, scaling, etc. tasks, such that these tasks do not need to be “learned” in a less direct and more expensive manner in the neural network.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06T 3/40 - Scaling of a whole image or part thereof
  • G06K 9/62 - Methods or arrangements for recognition using electronic means
  • G06T 5/00 - Image enhancement or restoration
  • G06F 17/15 - Correlation function computation
  • G06N 3/04 - Architecture, e.g. interconnection topology
  • G06N 20/00 - Machine learning

14.

SHOTSPOTTER

      
Serial Number 88146724
Status Registered
Filing Date 2018-10-08
Registration Date 2019-06-04
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ?
  • 09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments
  • 41 - Education, entertainment, sporting and cultural services
  • 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design
  • 45 - Legal and security services; personal services for individuals.

Goods & Services

Automatic real-time gunshot locator and display system consisting of a collection of acoustic sensors and signal processors Educational computer training to system operators in the fields of law enforcement and public safety Data archiving services, namely, storage of electronic evidence related to firearm discharge; Forensic science services, namely, scientific investigation services; scientific research services; analytical services, namely, laboratory analysis of forensic data and evidence relating to 911 calls for service related to gunshot incidents relative to gunshot alerts detected by the system and investigation of accuracy of system reporting of gunshot incidents Consulting services to solve public safety and law enforcement problems, namely, consulting in the field of public safety and consulting in the field of university/college and private facility security; consulting services, namely, expert witness testimony as to the validity of forensic data relating to firearm discharge; and predictive crime forecasting in the nature of compiling crime occurrence data using historical data, temporal data, and geographic data to identify locations with a high risk of crime for placement of law enforcement

15.

Miscellaneous Design

      
Serial Number 88123905
Status Registered
Filing Date 2018-09-19
Registration Date 2019-06-04
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ?
  • 09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments
  • 41 - Education, entertainment, sporting and cultural services
  • 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design
  • 45 - Legal and security services; personal services for individuals.

Goods & Services

Automatic real-time gunshot locator and display system consisting of a collection of acoustic sensors and signal processors Educational computer training to system operators in the fields of law enforcement and public safety Data archiving services, namely, storage of electronic evidence related to firearm discharge; Forensic science services, namely, scientific investigation services; scientific research services; analytical services, namely, laboratory analysis of forensic data and evidence relating to 911 calls for service related to gunshot incidents relative to gunshot alerts detected by the system and investigation of accuracy of system reporting of gunshot incidents Consulting services to solve public safety and law enforcement problems, namely, consulting in the field of public safety and consulting in the field of university/college and private facility security; consulting services, namely, expert witness testimony as to the validity of forensic data relating to firearm discharge

16.

Systems and methods of emergency management involving location-based features and/or other aspects

      
Application Number 14538757
Grant Number 09875643
Status In Force
Filing Date 2014-11-11
First Publication Date 2018-01-23
Grant Date 2018-01-23
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor Sarna, Ii, Peter C.

Abstract

System and methods are disclosed for emergency management during threatening events such as gunfire incidents. In some exemplary implementations, systems and methods may provide information to computer-based and mobile-device user interfaces, enabling various features and capabilities such as notifying site-based subscribers and public safety personnel that an emergency has occurred at a specific location. Implementations may also provide users with real-time information that can utilized by on-site personnel and responding public safety personnel to mitigate the emergency. Further, aspects may include configurations and/or capabilities that integrate with external technology platforms such as computer aided dispatch systems, surveillance camera systems, and security systems such as those having electronic lock control.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G08B 1/00 - Systems for signalling characterised solely by the form of transmission of the signal
  • G08B 25/10 - Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium using wireless transmission systems
  • G08B 21/18 - Status alarms

17.

Acoustic survey methods in weapons location system

      
Application Number 13564640
Grant Number 09348010
Status In Force
Filing Date 2012-08-01
First Publication Date 2016-05-24
Grant Date 2016-05-24
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor Showen, Robert L.

Abstract

A survey method giving improvements in weapons fire location systems is disclosed. In an urban system with a distributed array in the midst of many buildings that block signal paths or create echoes, methods are provided to measure signal propagation. A survey or tour of the covered region uses a moving signal source to probe propagation inside the region. Survey results may indicate where more or fewer sensors are needed. Survey results plus current measured noise gives prediction of instantaneous system sensitivity. In addition, multipath propagation may be used to determine a location even when only one or two sensors detect the signal. In such exemplary cases, triangulation may be replaced or augmented by pattern recognition. Further, signals of the survey need not be acoustic impulses such as gunfire, but may be RF signals, or coded continuous signals so that gunfire-like sounds would not disturb citizens in the area.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 5/00 - Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position-line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations
  • G01S 5/22 - Position of source determined by co-ordinating a plurality of position lines defined by path-difference measurements

18.

Systems and methods associated with detection of indoor gunfire

      
Application Number 14997893
Grant Number 10032351
Status In Force
Filing Date 2016-01-18
First Publication Date 2016-05-12
Grant Date 2018-07-24
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Showen, Robert
  • Beldock, James
  • Stone, Gregory
  • Johnson, Murphey
  • Calhoun, Robert

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for reliably detecting gunfire in enclosed spaces having significant acoustic reverberation. Implementations are configured to quickly and reliably report the room or portion of a room where gunfire is located. Innovations herein may ensure low false alarm rate by thresholding, pattern recognition and/or detecting the muzzle optical flash. In some embodiments, a review center with trained personnel may evaluate the incident before reporting to local authorities. The indoor system can be incorporated into an outdoor gunshot location system to better protect a local area such as a campus or a transportation hub. Systems and methods herein may involve features and functionality associated with additional resources, such as intercoms, cellphones, and access control, to provide mitigation of harm in case of a shooting.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G08B 17/00 - Fire alarms; Alarms responsive to explosion
  • G08B 17/08 - Actuation involving the use of explosive means
  • G08B 13/16 - Actuation by interference with mechanical vibrations in air or other fluid
  • G08B 29/18 - Prevention or correction of operating errors
  • G01S 5/18 - Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position-line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

19.

Systems and methods of processing information regarding weapon fire location using projectile shockwave and muzzle blast times of arrival data

      
Application Number 13210365
Grant Number 08995227
Status In Force
Filing Date 2011-08-15
First Publication Date 2015-03-31
Grant Date 2015-03-31
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor Johnson, Murphey L.

Abstract

Systems and method of processing information regarding weapon fire are set forth herein. In one exemplary implementation, a method of processing information regarding weapon fire, such as determining weapon fire location using projectile shockwave and muzzle blast time(s) of arrival data is disclosed.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

20.

Systems and methods associated with detection of indoor gunfire

      
Application Number 14231604
Grant Number 09240114
Status In Force
Filing Date 2014-03-31
First Publication Date 2014-11-06
Grant Date 2016-01-19
Owner
  • ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
  • SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor
  • Showen, Robert
  • Beldock, James
  • Stone, Gregory
  • Johnson, Murphey
  • Calhoun, Robert

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for reliably detecting gunfire in enclosed spaces having significant acoustic reverberation. Implementations are configured to quickly and reliably report the room or portion of a room where gunfire is located. Innovations herein may ensure low false alarm rate by thresholding, pattern recognition and/or detecting the muzzle optical flash. In some embodiments, a review center with trained personnel may evaluate the incident before reporting to local authorities. The indoor system can be incorporated into an outdoor gunshot location system to better protect a local area such as a campus or a transportation hub. Systems and methods herein may involve features and functionality associated with additional resources, such as intercoms, cellphones, and access control, to provide mitigation of harm in case of a shooting.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G08B 17/00 - Fire alarms; Alarms responsive to explosion
  • G08B 17/08 - Actuation involving the use of explosive means
  • G08B 13/16 - Actuation by interference with mechanical vibrations in air or other fluid
  • G08B 29/18 - Prevention or correction of operating errors

21.

SYSTEMS AND METHODS ASSOCIATED WITH DETECTION OF INDOOR GUNFIRE

      
Application Number US2014032428
Publication Number 2014/165459
Status In Force
Filing Date 2014-03-31
Publication Date 2014-10-09
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor
  • Showen, Robert, L.
  • Beldock, James
  • Stone, Gregory
  • Johnson, Murphey
  • Calhoun, Robert, B.

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for reliably detecting gunfire in enclosed spaces having significant acoustic reverberation. Implementations are configured to quickly and reliably report the room or portion of a room where gunfire is located. Innovations herein may ensure low false alarm rate by thresholding, pattern recognition and/or detecting the muzzle optical flash. In some embodiments, a review center with trained personnel may evaluate the incident before reporting to local authorities. The indoor system can be incorporated into an outdoor gunshot location system to better protect a local area such as a campus or a transportation hub. Systems and methods herein may involve features and functionality associated with additional resources, such as intercoms, cellphones, and access control, to provide mitigation of harm in case of a shooting.

IPC Classes  ?

22.

ACOUSTIC SURVEY METHODS IN WEAPONS LOCATION SYSTEMS

      
Application Number US2012062860
Publication Number 2014/070174
Status In Force
Filing Date 2012-10-31
Publication Date 2014-05-08
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor Showen, Robert

Abstract

A survey method giving improvements in weapons fire location systems is disclosed. In an urban system with a distributed array in the midst of many buildings that block signal paths or create echoes, methods are provided to measure signal propagation. A survey or tour of the covered region uses a moving signal source to probe propagation inside the region. Survey results may indicate where more or fewer sensors are needed. Survey results plus current measured noise gives prediction of instantaneous system sensitivity. In addition, multipath propagation may be used to determine a location even when only one or two sensors detect the signal. In such exemplary cases, triangulation may be replaced or augmented by pattern recognition. Further, signals of the survey need not be acoustic impulses such as gunfire, but may be RF signals, or coded continuous signals so that gunfire-like sounds would not disturb citizens in the area.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 5/22 - Position of source determined by co-ordinating a plurality of position lines defined by path-difference measurements
  • G01S 3/808 - Systems for determining direction or deviation from predetermined direction using transducers spaced apart and measuring phase or time difference between signals therefrom, i.e. path-difference systems

23.

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUGMENTING GUNSHOT LOCATION INVOLVING ECHO PROCESSING FEATURES

      
Application Number US2012022446
Publication Number 2012/103153
Status In Force
Filing Date 2012-01-24
Publication Date 2012-08-02
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor
  • Showen, Robert
  • Calhoun, Robert, B.
  • Dunham, Jason, W.

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for processing weapon fire information such as gunfire. In one exemplary implementation, there is provided a method of processing gunshot information to determine source location information involving echo/reflection processing features. Moreover, the method may include processing gunshot information received from a source at a sensor having a reflecting surface at a given distance, processing direct arrival time and echo arrival time information, and determining source location information as a function of a virtual sensor calculated behind the surface.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves
  • G01S 15/06 - Systems determining position data of a target
  • G01S 15/88 - Sonar systems specially adapted for specific applications

24.

Systems and methods of locating weapon fire incidents using measurements/data from acoustic, optical, seismic, and/or other sensors

      
Application Number 12154968
Grant Number 08325563
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-05-27
First Publication Date 2012-07-19
Grant Date 2012-12-04
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Calhoun, Robert B.
  • Showen, Robert L.
  • Beldock, James G.
  • Manderville, Scott M.
  • Dunham, Jason W.

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for locating a weapon fire incident such as an acoustic transient from a gunshot, explosion, weapons launch, etc. In one exemplary implementation, there is provided a method of locating the incident from a combination of propagation phenomena including a discharge time of the weapon fire incident. Moreover, the method may include obtaining a first propagation parameter of the incident from one or more first sensors, obtaining the discharge time from another sensor, and processing the data to determine a location using a common time basis among sensor measurements. According to further exemplary implementations, the discharge time may include a transient event that has a different propagation velocity than that of sound in the atmosphere.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/808 - Systems for determining direction or deviation from predetermined direction using transducers spaced apart and measuring phase or time difference between signals therefrom, i.e. path-difference systems

25.

Systems and methods for augmenting gunshot location using echo processing features

      
Application Number 13012781
Grant Number 08134889
Status In Force
Filing Date 2011-01-24
First Publication Date 2012-03-13
Grant Date 2012-03-13
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Showen, Robert L.
  • Calhoun, Robert B.
  • Dunham, Jason W.

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for processing weapon fire information such as gunfire. In one exemplary implementation, there is provided a method of processing gunshot information to determine source location information involving echo/reflection processing features. Moreover, the method may include processing gunshot information received from a source at a sensor having a reflecting surface at a given distance, processing direct arrival time and echo arrival time information, and determining source location information as a function of a virtual sensor calculated behind the surface.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

26.

Systems and methods of automated correlation of weapon fire data with monitored persons-of-interest/location data

      
Application Number 12757029
Grant Number 08351297
Status In Force
Filing Date 2010-04-08
First Publication Date 2011-07-14
Grant Date 2013-01-08
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Lauder, Gary Mark
  • Showen, Robert L.
  • Beldock, James G.
  • Sarna, Ii, Peter C.

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for processing information associated with monitoring persons/devices and weapon fire location information. In one exemplary implementation, a weapon fire location system is used to characterize and locate impulsive events and these locations are correlated with the positions of monitoring persons or devices, such as monitoring anklets placed on offenders or other persons of interest. Further, various information can be plotted on map, display, or for other graphical output to assist in the process of handling a weapon fire event. For example, when a monitoring device, whose position can be provided by GPS or alternate methods is found nearby a gunshot location, then associated graphical information can be presented on the output of the weapon fire location system or an associated display used by those monitoring the offenders.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves
  • G08B 1/08 - Systems for signalling characterised solely by the form of transmission of the signal using electric transmission

27.

Gunshot detection sensor with display

      
Application Number 11849253
Grant Number 08036065
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-08-31
First Publication Date 2011-03-24
Grant Date 2011-10-11
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Baxter, Kevin C.
  • Fisher, Ken

Abstract

A system for locating and identifying an acoustic event such as gunfire. The inventive system employs a plurality of man wearable acoustic sensors for detecting gunfire, each acoustic sensor having a display associated therewith for displaying information concerning the acoustic event to a user. In preferred embodiments, the sensor includes a microphone for receiving acoustic information; an A/D converter; a processor for processing the digitized signal to detect a gunshot and determine a time of arrival; a GPS receiver for determining the position of the acoustic sensor; and a network interface for bidirectional communication with a system server. Preferably the display comprises: an LCD; and an electronically readable compass. When the display and acoustic sensor are in separate housings, the acoustic sensor includes a transmitter and the display includes a receiver for transferring the gunshot information.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

28.

Weapon fire location systems and methods involving mobile device and/or other features

      
Application Number 11973310
Grant Number 07855935
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-10-05
First Publication Date 2010-12-21
Grant Date 2010-12-21
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Lauder, Gary
  • Showen, Robert L.
  • Beldock, James

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for processing information associated with weapon fire. In one exemplary embodiment, there is provided a method of processing information associated with weapon fire, including identifying a weapon fire incident, determining positional information regarding a source location of the weapon fire, and processing positional information regarding a device within a particular proximity of the source location of the weapon fire. Moreover, exemplary methods may include providing information for displaying the positional information of the source location of the weapon fire and the device together on a display. Other exemplary embodiments may include performing processing that provides one or more of source location of the weapon fire, device location information and/or other information related to the device for various uses.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

29.

Acoustic detection of weapons near transportation centers

      
Application Number 11973294
Grant Number 07796470
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-10-05
First Publication Date 2010-09-14
Grant Date 2010-09-14
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Lauder, Gary
  • Shatas, Remigius
  • Showen, Robert L.
  • Beldock, James G.
  • Holladay, Gary

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for determining location of a weapon firing incident. In one exemplary embodiment, there is provided a system for determining the location of a weapon firing incident in proximate position to a region traversed by vehicles. The system includes a first set of sensors associated with a first sub-region of the region, for detecting the weapon firing incident and for generating an output, and a processing component that determines a location of the weapon firing incident based upon the output. Moreover, the system may also include a second set of sensors arranged to detect the weapon firing incident along the travel path traversed by the vehicles and for generating a second output. Other exemplary embodiments may include arrangements of the sensors in patterns is associated with sub-regions and/or travel path as well as weapon fire location processing features.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

30.

Systems and methods with improved three-dimensional source location processing including constraint of location solutions to a two-dimensional plane

      
Application Number 12694259
Grant Number 08369184
Status In Force
Filing Date 2010-01-26
First Publication Date 2010-08-05
Grant Date 2013-02-05
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor Calhoun, Robert B.

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed associated with processing origin/location information of a source or event. In one exemplary implementation, there is provided a method of performing improved three-dimensional source location processing including constraint of location solutions to a two-dimensional plane. Moreover, the method includes obtaining a plane of constraint characterized as a plane in which the source is likely to occur, providing one or more virtual sensing elements each characterized as being located on a first side of the plane of constraint in a mirror image/symmetrical position across from a corresponding actual sensing element on an opposite side of the plane, and constraining possible origin locations to be located in the plane of constraint. Other exemplary implementations may include determining the origin location as a function of positions of the sensing elements and the virtual sensing elements as well as time-of-arrival and/or angle-of-arrival information.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

31.

SYSTEMS AND METHODS WITH IMPROVED THREE-DIMENSIONAL SOURCE LOCATION PROCESSING INCLUDING CONSTRAINT OF LOCATION SOLUTIONS TO A TWO-DIMENSIONAL PLANE

      
Application Number US2010022149
Publication Number 2010/085822
Status In Force
Filing Date 2010-01-26
Publication Date 2010-07-29
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor Calhoun, Robert, B.

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed associated with processing origin/location information of a source or event. In one exemplary implementation, there is provided a method of performing improved three-dimensional source location processing including constraint of location solutions to a two-dimensional plane. Moreover, the method includes obtaining a plane of constraint characterized as a plane in which the source is likely to occur, providing one or more virtual sensing elements each characterized as being located on a first side of the plane of constraint in a mirror image/symmetrical position across from a corresponding actual sensing element on an opposite side of the plane, and constraining possible origin locations to be located in the plane of constraint. Other exemplary implementations may include determining the origin location as a function of positions of the sensing elements and the virtual sensing elements as well as time-of-arrival and/or angle-of-arrival information.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 11/08 - Systems for determining distance or velocity not using reflection or reradiation using radio waves using synchronised clocks
  • G01S 11/04 - Systems for determining distance or velocity not using reflection or reradiation using radio waves using angle measurements

32.

SYSTEMS AND METHODS INCLUDING AUDIO DOWNLOAD AND/OR NOISE INCIDENT LOCATION SYSTEM FEATURES

      
Application Number US2008078339
Publication Number 2010/039130
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-09-30
Publication Date 2010-04-08
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor
  • Calhoun, Robert, B.
  • Rochberg, David, A.
  • White, Elecia, C.
  • Dunham, Jason

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed that detect weapon firing/noise Incidents in a region and/or include other related features. According to one or more embodiments, an exemplary method may include detecting acoustic signals from the region by one or more sensors, processing the detected acoustic signals to generate a processed signal, storing the detected acoustic signals with each sensor, and processing the processed signal associated with each sensor to determine if a weapon firing incident occurred. Moreover, exemplary methods may include, if unable to determine whether a weapon firing incident occurred, performing further processing of the acoustic signals and/or determining if a weapon firing incident occurred based upon the stored detected acoustic signals.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/00 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received

33.

SHOTSPOTTER

      
Serial Number 77869718
Status Registered
Filing Date 2009-11-10
Registration Date 2010-12-28
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. ()
NICE Classes  ?
  • 09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments
  • 39 - Transport, packaging, storage and travel services
  • 41 - Education, entertainment, sporting and cultural services
  • 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design
  • 45 - Legal and security services; personal services for individuals.

Goods & Services

Automatic real-time gunshot locator and display system consisting of a collection of acoustic sensors and signal processors; USB flash drives Data archiving services, namely, storage of electronic evidence related to firearm discharge [ Educational services, namely, training system operators for system licensees in the fields of law enforcement and public safety ] Forensic science services, namely, scientific investigation services; scientific research services; analytical services and laboratory analysis of forensic data and evidence; consulting services in the field of the analysis of forensic evidence relating to firearm discharge; Consulting services in the field of the analysis of forensic evidence relating to firearm discharge Consulting services to solve public safety and law enforcement problems

34.

ACOUSTIC DETECTION OF WEAPONS NEAR TRANSPORTATION CENTERS

      
Application Number US2008078849
Publication Number 2009/085361
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-10-03
Publication Date 2009-07-09
Owner SHOTSPOTTER INC. (USA)
Inventor
  • Lauder, Gary
  • Remegius, Shatas
  • Showen, Robert, L.
  • Beldock, James, G.
  • Holladay, Gary

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for determining location of a weapon firing incident. In one exemplary embodiment, there is provided a system for determining the location of a weapon firing incident in proximate position to a region traversed by vehicles. The system includes a first set of sensors associated with a first sub-region of the region, for detecting the weapon firing incident and for generating an output, and a processing component that determines a location of the weapon firing incident based upon the output. Moreover, the system may also include a second set of sensors arranged to detect the weapon firing incident along the travel path traversed by the vehicles and for generating a second output. Other exemplary embodiments may include arrangements of the sensors in patterns associated with sub-regions and/or travel path as well as weapon fire location processing features.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/808 - Systems for determining direction or deviation from predetermined direction using transducers spaced apart and measuring phase or time difference between signals therefrom, i.e. path-difference systems

35.

Systems and methods of processing impulses including bullet pulses and/or muzzle pulses in association with time domain representations

      
Application Number 12203141
Grant Number 07961550
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-09-02
First Publication Date 2009-05-14
Grant Date 2011-06-14
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor Calhoun, Robert B.

Abstract

Systems and method are disclosed for processing signals. In one exemplary implementation, a method may include transforming initial bullet data associated with one or more sensors into a set of discrete pulses, dividing the discrete pulses into pulse subsets, generating, for the subsets, time domain representations of the pulses, wherein the time domain representations include waveforms having pulse features, and processing the time domain representations to determine alignment between one or more of pulse features, pulses, pairs of channels, and/or pairs of sensors. One or more further implementations may include determining identity of pulses in association with a matching process performed as a function of the alignment, as well as, optionally, other pulse processing features/functionality.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

36.

System and method for precision acoustic event detection

      
Application Number 12202268
Grant Number 07751282
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-08-30
First Publication Date 2009-04-30
Grant Date 2010-07-06
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Holmes, Fred
  • Fisher, Ken
  • Baxter, Kevin

Abstract

A system and method for providing precision locations for sensors which make up an array of sensors in a gunshot detection system. In a preferred embodiment sensors employ a commercial GPS which reports a sensor position or a group of pseudoranges to GPS satellites. A server collects differential information from a differential node and, in one preferred embodiment, calculates a precision position for each sensor by adjusting the reported position or pseudoranges with the differential information. In another preferred embodiment differential information is sent from the host to individual sensors which calculate their own precision positions. Differential information may be latitude and longitude corrections, pseudorange corrections, ionospheric delay, GPS satellite clock drift, or other corrective term which will improve the accuracy of a sensor position.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 5/18 - Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position-line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves
  • G01S 5/14 - Determining absolute distances from a plurality of spaced points of known location

37.

PROCESSING IMPULSES INCLUDING BULLET PULSES AND/OR MUZZLE PULSES IN ASSOCIATION WITH TIME DOMAIN REPRESENTATIONS

      
Application Number US2008010336
Publication Number 2009/048500
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-09-02
Publication Date 2009-04-16
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor Calhoun, Robert, B.

Abstract

Systems and method are disclosed for processing signals. In one exemplary implementation, a method may include transforming initial bullet data associated with one or more sensors into a set of discrete pulses, dividing the discrete pulses into pulse subsets, generating, for the subsets, time domain representations of the pulses, wherein the time domain representations include waveforms having pulse features, and processing the time domain representations to determine alignment between one or more of pulse features, pulses, pairs of channels, and/or pairs of sensors. One or more further implementations may include determining identity of pulses in association with a matching process performed as a function of the alignment, as well as, optionally, other pulse processing features/functionality.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01R 13/00 - Arrangements for displaying electric variables or waveforms

38.

WEAPON FIRE LOCATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS INVOLVING MOBILE DEVICE AND/OR OTHER FEATURES

      
Application Number US2008078840
Publication Number 2009/046367
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-10-03
Publication Date 2009-04-09
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor
  • Lauder, Gary
  • Showen, Robert, L.
  • Beldock, James, G.

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for processing information associated with weapon fire. In one exemplary embodiment, there is provided a method of processing information associated with weapon fire, including identifying a weapon fire incident, determining positional information regarding a source location of the weapon fire, and processing positional information regarding a device within a particular proximity of the source location of the weapon fire. Moreover, exemplary methods may include providing information for displaying the positional information of the source location of the weapon fire and the device together on a display. Other exemplary embodiments may include performing processing that provides one or more of source location of the weapon fire, device location information and/or other information related to the device for various uses.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

39.

Acoustic location of gunshots using combined angle of arrival and time of arrival measurements

      
Application Number 12172163
Grant Number 07599252
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-07-11
First Publication Date 2008-11-13
Grant Date 2009-10-06
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Showen, Robert L
  • Calhoun, Robert B.
  • Dunham, Jason W.

Abstract

A gunshot location system computes candidate gunshot locations [314] from angle-of-arrival information [304, 308] and time-of-arrival information [312] provided by acoustic sensors [300, 302]. In addition to an angle, each sensor calculates an angular uncertainty [306, 310] from impulses received at four or more microphones having rotational symmetry. An intersection of one or more time-of-arrival hyperbolas with one or more angle-of-arrival beams [322] is used to determine a candidate gunshot location. In simple environments, a location can be confirmed with just two sensors allowing sensor density to be significantly reduced, while in complex environments including reflections, blocking, and interfering acoustic events, the additional angle-of-arrival information improves location accuracy and confidence, allowing elimination of candidate locations inconsistent with the combined time-of-arrival and angle-of-arrival information.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

40.

Systems and methods of directing a camera to image weapon fire

      
Application Number 11981697
Grant Number 08063773
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-10-30
First Publication Date 2008-10-30
Grant Date 2011-11-22
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Fisher, Ken
  • Baxter, Kevin
  • Holmes, Fred

Abstract

Systems and methods are disclosed for processing data associated with an acoustic event. In an exemplary implementation, there is provided a method of data processing including determining a location of an acoustic event and processing information associated with directing a camera towards the location. Moreover, one exemplary method may include processing information from and/or related to one or more sensors in an area to be monitored, processing data associated with the acoustic event, and determining a location of a source of the acoustic event as a function of the information from and/or related to the acoustic event. Further exemplary implementations include performing processing associated with providing instructions to direct a camera towards the determined location.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G08B 1/08 - Systems for signalling characterised solely by the form of transmission of the signal using electric transmission

41.

Gunshot detection sensor with display

      
Application Number 11923636
Grant Number 07688679
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-10-24
First Publication Date 2008-08-14
Grant Date 2010-03-30
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Baxter, Kevin C.
  • Fisher, Ken

Abstract

A system for locating and identifying an acoustic event such as gunfire. The inventive system employs a plurality of man wearable acoustic sensors for detecting gunfire, each acoustic sensor having a display associated therewith for displaying information concerning the acoustic event to a user. In preferred embodiments, the sensor includes a microphone for/receiving acoustic information; an A/D converter; a processor for processing the digitized signal to detect a gunshot and determine a time of arrival; a GPS receiver for determining the position of the acoustic sensor; and a network interface for bidirectional communication with a system server. Preferably the display comprises an LCD; and an electronically readable compass. When the display and acoustic sensor are in separate housings, the acoustic sensor includes a transmitter and the display includes a receiver for transferring the gunshot information.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

42.

System and method for improving the efficiency of an acoustic sensor

      
Application Number 11040823
Grant Number 07532542
Status In Force
Filing Date 2005-01-21
First Publication Date 2008-06-05
Grant Date 2009-05-12
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Baxter, Kevin C.
  • Fisher, Ken
  • Holmes, Fred H.

Abstract

The present invention provides a system for identifying and locating an acoustic event. In a preferred embodiment a gunshot detection sensor includes an audio sensor which detects gunshots in combination with a GPS engine which provides location and timing in conjunction with a host system. This allows an acoustic sensing weapon locator which is integrated for size and portability. The inventive mobile military gunshot detector requires a battery or fuel cell at its heart to operate. By managing the power consumption, batteries can be down-sized and the time between changes or recharges can be dramatically extended allowing soldiers to carry less weight and transport fewer replacement batteries into a hostile environment.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

43.

Acoustic location of gunshots using combined angle of arrival and time of arrival measurements

      
Application Number 11546529
Grant Number 07474589
Status In Force
Filing Date 2006-10-10
First Publication Date 2008-04-10
Grant Date 2009-01-06
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Showen, Robert L.
  • Calhoun, Robert B.
  • Dunham, Jason W.

Abstract

A gunshot location system computes candidate gunshot locations [314] from angle-of-arrival information [304, 308] and time-of-arrival information [312] provided by acoustic sensors [300, 302]. In addition to an angle, each sensor calculates an angular uncertainty [306, 310] from impulses received at four or more microphones having rotational symmetry. An intersection of one or more time-of-arrival hyperbolas with one or more angle-of-arrival beams [322] is used to determine a candidate gunshot location. In simple environments, a location can be confirmed with just two sensors allowing sensor density to be significantly reduced, while in complex environments including reflections, blocking, and interfering acoustic events, the additional angle-of-arrival information improves location accuracy and confidence, allowing elimination of candidate locations inconsistent with the combined time-of-arrival and angle-of-arrival information.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves

44.

System and method for archiving data from a sensor array

      
Application Number 11318422
Grant Number 07411865
Status In Force
Filing Date 2005-12-23
First Publication Date 2007-10-04
Grant Date 2008-08-12
Owner Shotspotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor Calhoun, Robert B.

Abstract

A system and method for archiving and retrieving information from an array of remote sensors. In a preferred embodiment the invention is incorporated in a gunshot detection and location system to preserve audio information surrounding a gunshot event for later review or analysis. In a preferred embodiment the system includes a plurality of acoustic sensors deployed in an array, a computer for processing gunshot information from the sensors, and a mass storage device for temporary archival of audio information. When a gunshot event is detected, the location of the audio information of the data within the spool is stored in an index to facilitate later retrieval of the information.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/808 - Systems for determining direction or deviation from predetermined direction using transducers spaced apart and measuring phase or time difference between signals therefrom, i.e. path-difference systems

45.

System and method for protecting the location of an acoustic event detector

      
Application Number 10905795
Grant Number 07139222
Status In Force
Filing Date 2005-01-20
First Publication Date 2006-11-21
Grant Date 2006-11-21
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor
  • Baxter, Kevin
  • Fisher, Ken
  • Holmes, Fred

Abstract

A system and method for protecting sensor positions in an array of acoustic sensors which make up a gunfire locator system. The inventive system includes a purity of sensors and a host computer. Each sensor includes: a microphone for receiving acoustic information; a processor for processing acoustic information to detect an acoustic event and determine a time of arrival; a GPS receiver; an encryption module for encrypting transmitted sensor positions; and a network interface for transmitting sensor positions and times of arrival. The host computer includes: a network interface for receiving sensor transmissions; an encryption module for deciphering sensor positions; and a CPU.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/802 - Systems for determining direction or deviation from predetermined direction

46.

System and method for precision acoustic event detection

      
Application Number 10905760
Grant Number 07420878
Status In Force
Filing Date 2005-01-20
First Publication Date 2006-07-20
Grant Date 2008-09-02
Owner SHOTSPOTTER, INC. (USA)
Inventor
  • Holmes, Fred
  • Fisher, Ken
  • Baxter, Kevin

Abstract

A system and method for providing precision locations for sensors which make up an array of sensors in a gunshot detection system. In a preferred embodiment sensors employ a commercial GPS which reports a sensor position or a group of pseudoranges to GPS satellites. A server collects differential information from a differential node and, in one preferred embodiment, calculates a precision position for each sensor by adjusting the reported position or pseudoranges with the differential information. In another preferred embodiment differential information is sent from the host to individual sensors which calculate their own precision positions. Differential information may be latitude and longitude corrections, pseudorange corrections, ionospheric delay, GPS satellite clock drift, or other corrective term which will improve the accuracy of a sensor position.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 5/18 - Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position-line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves
  • G01S 5/14 - Determining absolute distances from a plurality of spaced points of known location

47.

Gunshot detection sensor with display

      
Application Number 11042414
Grant Number 07266045
Status In Force
Filing Date 2005-01-24
First Publication Date 2006-06-01
Grant Date 2007-09-04
Owner ShotSpotter, Inc. (USA)
Inventor
  • Baxter, Kevin C.
  • Fisher, Ken

Abstract

A system for locating and identifying an acoustic event such as gunfire. The inventive system employs a plurality of man wearable acoustic sensors for detecting gunfire, each acoustic sensor having a display associated therewith for displaying information concerning the acoustic event to a user. In preferred embodiments, the sensor includes a microphone for receiving acoustic information; an A/D converter; a processor for processing the digitized signal to detect a gunshot and determine a time of arrival; a GPS receiver for determining the position of the acoustic sensor; and a network interface for bidirectional communication with a system server. Preferably the display comprises: an LCD; and an electronically readable compass. When the display and acoustic sensor are in separate housings, the acoustic sensor includes a transmitter and the display includes a receiver for transferring the gunshot information.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01S 3/80 - Direction-finders for determining the direction from which infrasonic, sonic, ultrasonic, or electromagnetic waves, or particle emission, not having a directional significance, are being received using ultrasonic, sonic, or infrasonic waves