IPC Classification

Class code (prefix) Descriptions Number of results
A61B 1/00 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
A61B 1/01 Guiding arrangements therefor
A61B 1/002 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor having rod-lens arrangements
A61B 1/04 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor combined with photographic or television appliances
A61B 1/05 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor combined with photographic or television appliances characterised by the image sensor, e.g. camera, being in the distal end portion
A61B 1/06 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with illuminating arrangements
A61B 1/07 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with illuminating arrangements using light-conductive means, e.g. optical fibres
A61B 1/008 Articulations
A61B 1/12 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with cooling or rinsing arrangements
A61B 1/015 Control of fluid supply or evacuation
A61B 1/018 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor characterised by internal passages or accessories therefor for receiving instruments
A61B 1/24 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the mouth, i.e. stomatoscopes, e.g. with tongue depressors; Instruments for opening or keeping open the mouth
A61B 1/31 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the rectum, e.g. proctoscopes, sigmoidoscopes
A61B 1/32 Devices for opening or enlarging the visual field, e.g. of a tube of the body
A61B 1/045 Control thereof
A61B 1/055 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor combined with photographic or television appliances having rod-lens arrangements
A61B 1/227 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for ears, i.e. otoscopes
A61B 1/233 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the nose, i.e. nasoscopes
A61B 1/247 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the mouth, i.e. stomatoscopes, e.g. with tongue depressors; Instruments for opening or keeping open the mouth with means for viewing areas outside the direct line of sight, e.g. dentists' mirrors
A61B 1/253 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the mouth, i.e. stomatoscopes, e.g. with tongue depressors; Instruments for opening or keeping open the mouth with means for viewing areas outside the direct line of sight, e.g. dentists' mirrors with means for preventing fogging
A61B 1/267 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the respiratory tract, e.g. laryngoscopes, bronchoscopes
A61B 1/273 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the upper alimentary canal, e.g. oesophagoscopes, gastroscopes
A61B 1/303 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the vagina, i.e. vaginoscopes
A61B 1/307 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the urinary organs, e.g. urethroscopes, cystoscopes
A61B 1/313 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for introducing through surgical openings, e.g. laparoscopes
A61B 1/317 Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for introducing through surgical openings, e.g. laparoscopes for bones or joints, e.g. osteoscopes, arthroscopes
A61B 3/00 Apparatus for testing the eyes; Instruments for examining the eyes
A61B 3/02 Subjective types, i.e. testing apparatus requiring the active assistance of the patient
A61B 3/04 Trial frames; Sets of lenses for use therewith
A61B 3/06 Subjective types, i.e. testing apparatus requiring the active assistance of the patient for testing colour vision
A61B 3/08 Subjective types, i.e. testing apparatus requiring the active assistance of the patient for testing binocular or stereoscopic vision, e.g. strabismus
A61B 3/09 Subjective types, i.e. testing apparatus requiring the active assistance of the patient for testing accommodation
A61B 3/10 Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients perceptions or reactions
A61B 3/11 Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients perceptions or reactions for measuring interpupillary distance or diameter of pupils
A61B 3/12 Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients perceptions or reactions for looking at the eye fundus, e.g. ophthalmoscopes
A61B 3/13 Ophthalmic microscopes
A61B 3/14 Arrangements specially adapted for eye photography
A61B 3/15 Arrangements specially adapted for eye photography with means for aligning, spacing or blocking spurious reflection
A61B 3/16 Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients perceptions or reactions for measuring intraocular pressure, e.g. tonometers
A61B 3/18 Arrangement of plural eye-testing or -examining apparatus
A61B 3/024 Subjective types, i.e. testing apparatus requiring the active assistance of the patient for determining the visual field, e.g. perimeter types
A61B 3/028 Subjective types, i.e. testing apparatus requiring the active assistance of the patient for determination of refraction, e.g. phoropters
A61B 3/032 Devices for presenting test symbols or characters, e.g. test chart projectors
A61B 3/036 Subjective types, i.e. testing apparatus requiring the active assistance of the patient for determination of refraction, e.g. phoropters for testing astigmatism
A61B 3/103 Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients perceptions or reactions for determining refraction, e.g. refractometers, skiascopes
A61B 3/107 Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients perceptions or reactions for determining the shape or measuring the curvature of the cornea
A61B 3/113 Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients perceptions or reactions for determining or recording eye movement
A61B 3/117 Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients perceptions or reactions for examining the anterior chamber or the anterior chamber angle, e.g. gonioscopes
A61B 3/125 Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients perceptions or reactions for looking at the eye fundus, e.g. ophthalmoscopes with contact lenses
A61B 3/135 Slit-lamp microscopes
A61B 5/00 Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
A61B 5/01 Measuring temperature of body parts
A61B 5/02 Measuring pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
A61B 5/03 Measuring fluid pressure within the body other than blood pressure, e.g. cerebral pressure
A61B 5/04 Measuring bioelectric signals of the body or parts thereof
A61B 5/05 Measuring for diagnosis by means of electric currents or magnetic fields
A61B 5/06 Devices, other than using radiation, for detecting or locating foreign bodies
A61B 5/07 Endoradiosondes
A61B 5/08 Measuring devices for evaluating the respiratory organs
A61B 5/09 Measuring breath flow using an element rotated by the flow
A61B 5/11 Measuring movement of the entire body or parts thereof, e.g. head or hand tremor or mobility of a limb
A61B 5/12 Audiometering
A61B 5/15 Devices for taking samples of blood
A61B 5/16 Devices for psychotechnics; Testing reaction times
A61B 5/18 Devices for psychotechnics; Testing reaction times for vehicle drivers
A61B 5/20 Measuring urological functions
A61B 5/021 Measuring pressure in heart or blood vessels
A61B 5/022 Measuring pressure in heart or blood vessels by applying pressure to close blood vessels, e.g. against the skin; Ophthaldynamometers
A61B 5/023 Measuring pressure in heart or blood vessels by applying pressure to close blood vessels, e.g. against the skin; Ophthaldynamometers the pressure transducers comprising a liquid column
A61B 5/024 Measuring pulse rate or heart rate
A61B 5/025 Measuring pulse rate or heart rate using sensing means generating electric signals within occluders, e.g. responsive to Korotkoff sounds
A61B 5/026 Measuring blood flow
A61B 5/027 Measuring blood flow using electromagnetic means, e.g. electromagnetic flow meter using catheters
A61B 5/028 Measuring blood flow using tracers, e.g. dye dilution by thermo-dilution
A61B 5/029 Measuring blood output from the heart, e.g. minute volume
A61B 5/042 Electrodes specially adapted therefor for introducing into the body
A61B 5/044 Displays specially adapted therefor
A61B 5/046 Detecting fibrillation
A61B 5/048 Detecting the frequency distribution of signals
A61B 5/053 Measuring electrical impedance or conductance of a portion of the body
A61B 5/055 Measuring for diagnosis by means of electric currents or magnetic fields involving electronic [EMR] or nuclear [NMR] magnetic resonance, e.g. magnetic resonance imaging
A61B 5/083 Measuring rate of metabolism by using breath test, e.g. measuring rate of oxygen consumption
A61B 5/085 Measuring impedance of respiratory organs or lung elasticity
A61B 5/087 Measuring breath flow
A61B 5/091 Measuring volume of inspired or expired gases, e.g. to determine lung capacity
A61B 5/093 Measuring volume of inspired or expired gases, e.g. to determine lung capacity the gases being exhaled into, or inhaled from, an expansible chamber, e.g. bellows or expansible bag
A61B 5/095 Measuring volume of inspired or expired gases, e.g. to determine lung capacity the gases being exhaled into, or inhaled from, an expansible chamber, e.g. bellows or expansible bag within a rigid container, e.g. the boundary being formed by a liquid surface
A61B 5/097 Devices for facilitating collection of breath or for directing breath into or through measuring devices
A61B 5/103 Measuring devices for testing the shape, pattern, size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes
A61B 5/107 Measuring physical dimensions, e.g. size of the entire body or parts thereof
A61B 5/113 Measuring movement of the entire body or parts thereof, e.g. head or hand tremor or mobility of a limb occurring during breathing
A61B 5/117 Identification of persons
A61B 5/145 Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH-value
A61B 5/151 Devices for taking samples of blood specially adapted for taking samples of capillary blood, e.g. by lancets
A61B 5/153 Devices for taking samples of blood specially adapted for taking samples of venous or arterial blood, e.g. by syringes
A61B 5/154 Devices for taking samples of blood specially adapted for taking samples of venous or arterial blood, e.g. by syringes using pre-evacuated means
A61B 5/155 Devices for taking samples of blood specially adapted for continuous or multiple sampling, e.g. at predetermined intervals
A61B 5/157 Devices for taking samples of blood characterised by integrated means for measuring characteristics of blood
A61B 5/0205 Simultaneously evaluating both cardiovascular conditions and different types of body conditions, e.g. heart and respiratory condition
A61B 5/0215 Measuring pressure in heart or blood vessels by means inserted into the body
A61B 5/0225 Measuring pressure in heart or blood vessels by applying pressure to close blood vessels, e.g. against the skin; Ophthaldynamometers the pressure being controlled by electric signals, e.g. derived from Korotkoff sounds
A61B 5/0235 Valves specially adapted therefor
A61B 5/0245 Measuring pulse rate or heart rate using sensing means generating electric signals
A61B 5/0255 Recording instruments specially adapted therefor
A61B 5/0265 Measuring blood flow using electromagnetic means, e.g. electromagnetic flow meter
A61B 5/0275 Measuring blood flow using tracers, e.g. dye dilution
A61B 5/0285 Measuring phase velocity of blood waves
A61B 5/0295 Measuring blood flow using plethysmography, i.e. measuring the variations in the volume of a body part as modified by the circulation of blood therethrough, e.g. impedance plethysmography
A61B 5/0402 Electrocardiography, i.e. ECG
A61B 5/0404 Hand-held devices
A61B 5/0408 Electrodes specially adapted therefor
A61B 5/0416 Electrodes specially adapted therefor connected by means of snap fasteners
A61B 5/0424 Protection against electrode failure
A61B 5/0428 Input circuits specially adapted therefor
A61B 5/0432 Recording apparatus specially adapted therefor
A61B 5/0436 Magnetic recording apparatus
A61B 5/0444 Foetal cardiography
A61B 5/0448 Electrodes specially adapted therefor, e.g. scalp electrodes
A61B 5/0452 Detecting specific parameters of the electrocardiograph cycle
A61B 5/0456 Detecting R peaks, e.g. for synchronising diagnostic apparatus
A61B 5/0464 Detecting tachycardia or bradycardia
A61B 5/0468 Detecting abnormal ECG interval
A61B 5/0472 Detecting abnormal QRS complex
A61B 5/0476 Electroencephalography
A61B 5/0478 Electrodes specially adapted therefor
A61B 5/0482 Electroencephalography using biofeedback
A61B 5/0484 Electroencephalography using evoked response
A61B 5/0488 Electromyography
A61B 5/0492 Electrodes specially adapted therefor, e.g. needle electrodes
A61B 5/0496 Electro-oculography, e.g. detecting nystagmus
A61B 5/1171 Identification of persons based on the shapes or appearances of their bodies or parts thereof
A61B 5/1172 Identification of persons based on the shapes or appearances of their bodies or parts thereof using fingerprinting
A61B 5/1174 Identification of persons based on the shapes or appearances of their bodies or parts thereof using footprinting
A61B 5/1178 Identification of persons based on the shapes or appearances of their bodies or parts thereof using dental data
A61B 5/1455 Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH-value using optical sensors, e.g. spectral photometrical oximeters
A61B 5/1459 Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH-value using optical sensors, e.g. spectral photometrical oximeters invasive, e.g. introduced into the body by a catheter
A61B 5/1464 Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH-value using optical sensors, e.g. spectral photometrical oximeters specially adapted for foetal tissue
A61B 5/1468 Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH-value using chemical or electrochemical methods, e.g. by polarographic means
A61B 5/1473 Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH-value using chemical or electrochemical methods, e.g. by polarographic means invasive, e.g. introduced into the body by a catheter
A61B 5/1477 Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH-value using chemical or electrochemical methods, e.g. by polarographic means non-invasive
A61B 5/1482 Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH-value using chemical or electrochemical methods, e.g. by polarographic means specially adapted for foetal tissue
A61B 5/1486 Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH-value using enzyme electrodes, e.g. with immobilised oxidase
A61B 5/1491 Heated applicators
A61B 5/1495 Calibrating or testing in vivo probes
A61B 6/00 Apparatus for radiation diagnosis, e.g. combined with radiation therapy equipment
A61B 6/02 Devices for diagnosis sequentially in different planes; Stereoscopic radiation diagnosis
A61B 6/03 Computerised tomographs
A61B 6/04 Positioning of patients; Tiltable beds or the like
A61B 6/06 Diaphragms
A61B 6/08 Auxiliary means for directing the radiation beam to a particular spot, e.g. using light beams
A61B 6/10 Application or adaptation of safety means
A61B 6/12 Devices for detecting or locating foreign bodies
A61B 6/14 Applications or adaptations for dentistry
A61B 7/00 Instruments for auscultation
A61B 7/02 Stethoscopes
A61B 7/04 Electric stethoscopes
A61B 8/00 Diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves
A61B 8/02 Measuring pulse or heart rate
A61B 8/04 Measuring blood pressure
A61B 8/06 Measuring blood flow
A61B 8/08 Detecting organic movements or changes, e.g. tumours, cysts, swellings
A61B 8/10 Eye inspection
A61B 8/12 Diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves in body cavities or body tracts, e.g. by using catheters
A61B 8/13 Tomography
A61B 8/14 Echo-tomography
A61B 8/15 Transmission-tomography
A61B 9/00 Instruments for examination by percussion; Pleximeters
A61B 10/00 Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
A61B 10/02 Instruments for taking cell samples or for biopsy
A61B 10/04 Endoscopic instruments
A61B 10/06 Biopsy forceps
A61B 13/00 Instruments for depressing the tongue
A61B 16/00 Devices specially adapted for vivisection or autopsy
A61B 17/00 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
A61B 17/02 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
A61B 17/03 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for closing wounds, or holding wounds closed, e.g. surgical staples; Accessories for use therewith
A61B 17/04 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for closing wounds, or holding wounds closed, e.g. surgical staples; Accessories for use therewith for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
A61B 17/06 Needles; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
A61B 17/08 Wound clamps
A61B 17/10 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for closing wounds, or holding wounds closed, e.g. surgical staples; Accessories for use therewith for applying or removing wound clamps; Wound clamp magazines
A61B 17/11 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for closing wounds, or holding wounds closed, e.g. surgical staples; Accessories for use therewith for performing anastomosis; Buttons for anastomosis
A61B 17/12 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for ligaturing or otherwise compressing tubular parts of the body, e.g. blood vessels or umbilical cord
A61B 17/14 Surgical saws
A61B 17/15 Guides therefor
A61B 17/16 Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
A61B 17/17 Guides for drills
A61B 17/20 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for vaccinating or cleaning the skin previous to the vaccination
A61B 17/22 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for
A61B 17/24 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for use in the oral cavity, larynx, bronchial passages or nose; Tongue scrapers
A61B 17/26 Tonsillotomes, with or without means for stopping bleeding
A61B 17/28 Surgical forceps
A61B 17/29 Forceps for use in minimally invasive surgery
A61B 17/30 Surgical pincettes
A61B 17/32 Surgical cutting instruments
A61B 17/34 Trocars; Puncturing needles
A61B 17/42 Gynaecological or obstetrical instruments or methods
A61B 17/43 Gynaecological or obstetrical instruments or methods for reproduction or fertilisation for artificial insemination
A61B 17/44 Obstetrical forceps
A61B 17/46 Embryotomes
A61B 17/48 Bags for midwives
A61B 17/50 Instruments, other than pincettes or toothpicks, for removing foreign bodies from the human body
A61B 17/52 Magnets
A61B 17/54 Chiropodists' instruments
A61B 17/56 Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
A61B 17/58 Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws or the like
A61B 17/60 Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws or the like for external osteosynthesis, e.g. distractors or contractors
A61B 17/062 Needle manipulators
A61B 17/064 Surgical staples
A61B 17/66 Compression or distraction mechanisms
A61B 17/068 Surgical staplers
A61B 17/70 Spinal positioners or stabilisers
A61B 17/072 Surgical staplers for applying a row of staples in a single action
A61B 17/74 Devices for the head of the femur
A61B 17/076 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for closing wounds, or holding wounds closed, e.g. surgical staples; Accessories for use therewith for removing surgical staples
A61B 17/78 Devices for the head of the femur fixed by nails, pins or the like
A61B 17/80 Cortical plates
A61B 17/82 Internal fixation devices for bone cerclage
A61B 17/84 Fasteners therefor
A61B 17/86 Pins or screws
A61B 17/88 Methods or means for implanting or extracting internal fixation devices
A61B 17/90 Guides therefor
A61B 17/92 Impactors or extractors, e.g. for removing intramedullary devices
A61B 17/94 Endoscopic surgical instruments
A61B 17/115 Staplers
A61B 17/122 Clamps or clips
A61B 17/125 Clamps or clips combined with cutting implements
A61B 17/128 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for ligaturing or otherwise compressing tubular parts of the body, e.g. blood vessels or umbilical cord for applying or removing clamps or clips
A61B 17/132 Tourniquets
A61B 17/135 Tourniquets inflatable
A61B 17/138 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for ligaturing or otherwise compressing tubular parts of the body, e.g. blood vessels or umbilical cord combined with cutting implements
A61B 17/221 Calculus gripping devices in the form of loops or baskets
A61B 17/225 Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy [ESWL], e.g. by using ultrasonic waves
A61B 17/285 Surgical forceps combined with cutting implements
A61B 17/295 Forceps for use in minimally invasive surgery combined with cutting implements
A61B 17/322 Skin grafting apparatus
A61B 17/326 Circumcision apparatus
A61B 17/425 Gynaecological or obstetrical instruments or methods for reproduction or fertilisation
A61B 17/435 Gynaecological or obstetrical instruments or methods for reproduction or fertilisation for embryo transplantation
A61B 17/3201 Scissors
A61B 17/3203 Fluid jet cutting instruments
A61B 17/3205 Excision instruments
A61B 17/3207 Atherectomy devices
A61B 17/3209 Incision instruments
A61B 17/3211 Surgical scalpels or knives; Accessories therefor
A61B 17/3213 Surgical scalpels or knives; Accessories therefor with detachable blades
A61B 17/3215 Packages or dispensers, e.g. for scalpel blades
A61B 17/3217 Devices for removing or collecting used scalpel blades
A61B 18/00 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body
A61B 18/02 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by cooling, e.g. cryogenic techniques
A61B 18/04 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating
A61B 18/06 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating caused by chemical reaction
A61B 18/08 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by means of electrically-heated probes
A61B 18/10 Power sources therefor
A61B 18/12 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by heating by passing a current through the tissue to be heated, e.g. high-frequency current
A61B 18/14 Probes or electrodes therefor
A61B 18/16 Indifferent or passive electrodes for grounding
A61B 18/18 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by applying electromagnetic radiation, e.g. microwaves
A61B 18/20 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by applying electromagnetic radiation, e.g. microwaves using laser
A61B 18/22 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by applying electromagnetic radiation, e.g. microwaves using laser the beam being directed along or through a flexible conduit, e.g. an optical fibre; Hand-pieces therefor
A61B 18/24 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by applying electromagnetic radiation, e.g. microwaves using laser the beam being directed along or through a flexible conduit, e.g. an optical fibre; Hand-pieces therefor with a catheter
A61B 18/26 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by applying electromagnetic radiation, e.g. microwaves using laser the beam being directed along or through a flexible conduit, e.g. an optical fibre; Hand-pieces therefor for producing a shock wave, e.g. laser lithotripsy
A61B 18/28 Surgical instruments, devices or methods for transferring non-mechanical forms of energy to or from the body by applying electromagnetic radiation, e.g. microwaves using laser the beam being directed along or through a flexible conduit, e.g. an optical fibre; Hand-pieces therefor for heating a thermal probe or absorber
A61B 19/00 Instruments, implements or accessories for surgery or diagnosis not covered by any of the groups A61B 1/00-A61B 18/00, e.g. for stereotaxis, sterile operation, luxation treatment, wound edge protectors(protective face masks A41D 13/11; surgeons' or patients' gowns or dresses A41D 13/12; devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body liquids A61M 1/00)
A61B 19/02 Protective casings or covers for appliances or instruments, e.g. boxes or sterile covers; Instrument tables or cupboards; Doctors' bags
A61B 19/04 Operating gloves; Finger-stalls for operating; Devices for treating them, e.g. cleaning or powdering
A61B 19/08 Surgical drapes
A61B 19/10 with means to retain or hold surgical implements
A61B 19/12 tubular, e.g. for arms or legs
A61B 34/00 Computer-aided surgery; Manipulators or robots specially adapted for use in surgery
A61B 34/10 Computer-aided planning, simulation or modelling of surgical operations
A61B 34/20 Surgical navigation systems; Devices for tracking or guiding surgical instruments, e.g. for frameless stereotaxis
A61B 34/30 Surgical robots
A61B 34/32 Surgical robots operating autonomously
A61B 34/35 Surgical robots for telesurgery
A61B 34/37 Master-slave robots
A61B 42/00 Surgical gloves; Finger-stalls specially adapted for surgery; Devices for handling or treatment thereof
A61B 42/10 Surgical gloves
A61B 42/20 Finger-stalls specially adapted for surgery
A61B 42/30 Devices for detecting perforations, leaks or tears
A61B 42/40 Packages or dispensers
A61B 42/50 Devices for putting-on or removing
A61B 42/60 Devices for cleaning, washing, drying or powdering
A61B 46/00 Surgical drapes
A61B 46/10 Surgical drapes specially adapted for instruments
A61B 46/13 Surgical drapes specially adapted for instruments the drapes entering the patient's body
A61B 46/17 Surgical drapes specially adapted for instruments the drapes entering the patient's body closed at the distal end
A61B 46/20 Surgical drapes specially adapted for patients
A61B 46/23 Surgical drapes specially adapted for patients with means to retain or hold surgical implements
A61B 46/27 Surgical drapes specially adapted for patients tubular, e.g. for arms or legs
A61B 50/00 Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers
A61B 50/10 Furniture specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments
A61B 50/13 Trolleys
A61B 50/15 Mayo stands; Tables
A61B 50/18 Cupboards; Drawers therefor
A61B 50/20 Holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments
A61B 50/22 Racks
A61B 50/24 Stands
A61B 50/26 Stands floor-based
A61B 50/28 Stands suspended from the ceiling
A61B 50/30 Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments
A61B 50/31 Carrying cases or bags, e.g. doctors' bags
A61B 50/33 Trays
A61B 50/34 Baskets
A61B 50/36 Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments for collecting or disposing of used articles
A61B 50/37 Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments for collecting or disposing of used articles for absorbent articles, e.g. bandages, garments, swabs or towels
A61B 50/39 Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments for collecting or disposing of used articles the containers containing antimicrobial, antiviral or disinfectant agents
A61B 90/00 Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups , e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
A61B 90/10 Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups , e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges for stereotaxic surgery, e.g. frame-based stereotaxis
A61B 90/11 Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups , e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges for stereotaxic surgery, e.g. frame-based stereotaxis with guides for needles or instruments, e.g. arcuate slides or ball joints
A61B 90/13 Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups , e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges for stereotaxic surgery, e.g. frame-based stereotaxis with guides for needles or instruments, e.g. arcuate slides or ball joints guided by light, e.g. laser pointers
A61B 90/14 Fixators for body parts, e.g. skull clamps; Constructional details of fixators, e.g. pins
A61B 90/16 Bite blocks
A61B 90/17 Fixators for body parts, e.g. skull clamps; Constructional details of fixators, e.g. pins for soft tissue, e.g. breast-holding devices
A61B 90/18 Retaining sheets, e.g. immobilising masks
A61B 90/20 Surgical microscopes characterised by non-optical aspects
A61B 90/25 Supports therefor
A61B 90/30 Devices for illuminating a surgical field, the devices having an interrelation with other surgical devices or with a surgical procedure
A61B 90/35 Supports therefor
A61B 90/40 Apparatus fixed or close to patients specially adapted for providing an aseptic surgical environment
A61B 90/50 Supports for surgical instruments, e.g. articulated arms
A61B 90/53 Supports for surgical instruments, e.g. articulated arms connected to the surgeon's body, e.g. by a belt
A61B 90/57 Accessory clamps
A61B 90/60 Supports for surgeons, e.g. chairs or hand supports
A61B 90/70 Cleaning devices specially adapted for surgical instruments
A61B 90/80 Implements for cleaning or washing the skin of surgeons or patients
A61B 90/90 Identification means for patients or instruments, e.g. tags
A61B 90/92 Identification means for patients or instruments, e.g. tags coded with colour
A61B 90/94 Identification means for patients or instruments, e.g. tags coded with symbols, e.g. text
A61B 90/96 Identification means for patients or instruments, e.g. tags coded with symbols, e.g. text using barcodes
A61B 90/98 Identification means for patients or instruments, e.g. tags using electromagnetic means, e.g. transponders