Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated

United States of America

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A23L 3/36 - Freezing; Subsequent thawing; Cooling 5
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1.

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING ERRORS IN A SENSOR NETWORK IMPLEMENTING HIGH FREQUENCY (HF) COMMUNICATION CHANNELS

      
Application Number 18077108
Status Pending
Filing Date 2022-12-07
First Publication Date 2024-06-13
Owner Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated (USA)
Inventor
  • Matei, Ion
  • Goyal, Raman

Abstract

One embodiment can provide a method and system for estimating a remote quantity of interest (QoI). During operation, the system can receive, over a communication channel, a radio frequency (RF) signal carrying an estimate of the QoI measured by a sensor. The system can estimate probability distributions of a set of random channel parameters associated with the HF communication channel. The system can further reconstruct the estimate based on the probability distributions of the channel parameters and the received RF signal, determine a level of uncertainty associated with the reconstructed estimate, and combine reconstructed estimates from multiple sensors based on the determined level of uncertainty associated with each reconstructed estimate to output a combined estimate of the QoI.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H04L 1/00 - Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received

2.

OPTICAL FIBER SENSING BASED ON CHANGES IN LASER EMISSION WAVELENGTH

      
Application Number 18078189
Status Pending
Filing Date 2022-12-09
First Publication Date 2024-06-13
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Wunderer, Thomas
  • Lin, Ching-Fuh
  • Chua, Christopher L.

Abstract

A sensor includes a light emitter capable of producing stimulated emission. The sensor includes an optical fiber comprising at least one fiber Bragg grating. A first end of the optical fiber is optically coupled to a first emitting end of the light emitter. The fiber Bragg grating is located at a measurement region of the optical fiber away from the first end. A change in wavelength of the laser emission in the optical fiber is induced by a change in peak reflectivity of the fiber Bragg grating. The change in the peak reflectivity occurs in response to an environmental change at the measurement region, e.g., which changes a physical periodicity and/or the refractive index of the grating. The sensor includes an optical detector coupled to the optical fiber or the light emitter that detects the change in the wavelength.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01D 5/353 - Mechanical means for transferring the output of a sensing member; Means for converting the output of a sensing member to another variable where the form or nature of the sensing member does not constrain the means for converting; Transducers not specially adapted for a specific variable using optical means, i.e. using infrared, visible or ultraviolet light with attenuation or whole or partial obturation of beams of light the beams of light being detected by photocells influencing the transmission properties of an optical fibre
  • G01K 11/3206 - Measuring temperature based on physical or chemical changes not covered by group , , , or using changes in transmittance, scattering or luminescence in optical fibres at discrete locations in the fibre, e.g. using Bragg scattering
  • G01L 1/24 - Measuring force or stress, in general by measuring variations of optical properties of material when it is stressed, e.g. by photoelastic stress analysis

3.

LINGUISTIC EXTRACTION OF TEMPORAL AND LOCATION INFORMATION FOR A RECOMMENDER SYSTEM

      
Application Number 18428805
Status Pending
Filing Date 2024-01-31
First Publication Date 2024-05-23
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Fang, Ji
  • Bellotti, Victoria M.E.
  • Bobrow, Daniel G.
  • King, Tracy Holloway

Abstract

One embodiment of the present invention provides a system that recommends activities. During operation, the system receives a piece of content obtained from text or converted to text from speech. The system then analyzes the received content to identify any activity type, indication of willingness to participate in any type of activities, and at least one piece of temporal information, which can be implicitly and/or explicitly stated in the content, and/or one piece of location information associated with the activity type. The system further recommends one or more activities, venues, and/or services that afford or support activities for a user based on the information extracted from the content.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06Q 30/0201 - Market modelling; Market analysis; Collecting market data
  • G06F 16/335 - Filtering based on additional data, e.g. user or group profiles

4.

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RELATIONAL TIME SERIES LEARNING WITH THE AID OF A DIGITAL COMPUTER

      
Application Number 18394656
Status Pending
Filing Date 2023-12-22
First Publication Date 2024-05-02
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Rossi, Ryan A.
  • Zhou, Rong

Abstract

System and methods for relational time-series learning are provided. Unlike traditional time series forecasting techniques, which assume either complete time series independence or complete dependence, the disclosed system and method allow time series forecasting that can be performed on multivariate time series represented as vertices in graphs with arbitrary structures and predicting a future classification for data items represented by one of nodes in the graph. The system and methods also utilize non-relational, relational, temporal data for classification, and allow using fast and parallel classification techniques with linear speedups. The system and methods are well-suited for processing data in a streaming or online setting and naturally handle training data with skewed or unbalanced class labels.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06N 20/00 - Machine learning
  • G06F 18/00 - Pattern recognition
  • G06F 18/2413 - Classification techniques relating to the classification model, e.g. parametric or non-parametric approaches based on distances to training or reference patterns
  • G06N 20/10 - Machine learning using kernel methods, e.g. support vector machines [SVM]
  • G06V 10/426 - Graphical representations
  • G06V 10/94 - Hardware or software architectures specially adapted for image or video understanding

5.

LOCALIZED VISUAL GRAPH FILTERS FOR COMPLEX GRAPH QUERIES

      
Application Number 18514866
Status Pending
Filing Date 2023-11-20
First Publication Date 2024-04-18
Owner Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated (USA)
Inventor
  • Rossi, Ryan A.
  • Zhou, Rong

Abstract

Embodiments of the present invention provide a system for querying a graph based on applying filters to a visual representation of the graph. The system allows complicated graph query operations to be performed with ease visually. During operation, the system obtains data indicating vertices and edges of a graph. The system displays a visual representation of the graph for a user. The system receives, from the user, a command defining a local graph filter comprising a region in the visual representation. The system then filters a representation of the graph, and stores the filtered representation.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06F 3/04842 - Selection of displayed objects or displayed text elements
  • G06F 3/033 - Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user; Accessories therefor
  • G06F 3/0482 - Interaction with lists of selectable items, e.g. menus
  • G06F 3/04847 - Interaction techniques to control parameter settings, e.g. interaction with sliders or dials
  • G06F 16/2455 - Query execution
  • G06F 16/901 - Indexing; Data structures therefor; Storage structures
  • G06T 11/20 - Drawing from basic elements, e.g. lines or circles

6.

Coating to Cool a Surface by Passive Radiative Cooling

      
Application Number 18314575
Status Pending
Filing Date 2023-05-09
First Publication Date 2024-03-28
Owner Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated (USA)
Inventor
  • Tehrani, Sepehr
  • Van Overmeere, Quentin
  • Elrod, Scott Alan
  • Solberg, Scott E.
  • Iftime, Gabriel
  • Neelakantan, Ravi
  • Casse, Bernard D.

Abstract

Disclosed herein in is a radiative cooling formulation including a solvent for providing a viscosity of a radiative cooling material for application onto a surface to be passively cooled. The radiative cooling formulation includes a binder for the radiative cooling material's integrity and bonding to the surface to be passively cooled. The radiative cooling formulation includes a polymer, which, in combination with the binder, provides one or more properties in the radiative cooling material, including a reflectance of or greater than 55% in a wavelengths range of 0.3 to 2.5 microns and a first thermal emissivity peak value greater than 0.85 at a first wavelength in a range of 8 to 13 microns (μm). For example, the polymer is a latex material including a styrene based copolymer.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C09D 5/33 - Radiation-reflecting paints
  • C09D 5/02 - Emulsion paints
  • C09D 7/40 - Additives
  • C09D 129/14 - Homopolymers or copolymers of acetals or ketals obtained by polymerisation of unsaturated acetals or ketals or by after-treatment of polymers of unsaturated alcohols
  • C09D 133/10 - Homopolymers or copolymers of methacrylic acid esters

7.

TRANSFERABLE HYBRID PROGNOSTICS BASED ON FUNDAMENTAL DEGRADATION MODES

      
Application Number 17946826
Status Pending
Filing Date 2022-09-16
First Publication Date 2024-03-28
Owner Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated (USA)
Inventor
  • Abbasi, Amirhassan
  • Goebel, Kai Frank
  • Mitra, Peetak P.

Abstract

A transferable hybrid method for prognostics of engineering systems based on fundamental degradation modes is provided. The method includes developing a degradation model that represents degradation modes shared in different domains of application through the integration of physics and machine learning. The system measures sensor signals and data processing provides for extracting health indicators correlated with the fundamental degradation modes from sensors data. For the integration of physics and machine learning, the degradation mode is separated into different phases. Before the accelerated degradation phase of a system, the method is looking out to detect when the accelerated phase begins. When accelerated phase is active, the system applies a machine-learning model to provide information on the accelerated degradation phase, and evolves the degradation towards a failure threshold in a simulation of the updated physics-based model to predict the degradation progression. The system estimates the remaining useful life of the target system.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06F 30/27 - Design optimisation, verification or simulation using machine learning, e.g. artificial intelligence, neural networks, support vector machines [SVM] or training a model

8.

SYSTEM AND METHOD USING IMPROVED MESSAGE QUEUE AND PACKING SCHEME FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICE

      
Application Number 17898985
Status Pending
Filing Date 2022-08-30
First Publication Date 2024-02-29
Owner Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated (USA)
Inventor
  • Cocker, Eric D.
  • Shreve, Matthew A.
  • Torres, Francisco E.

Abstract

A system and method provide a combination of a modular message structure, a priority-based message packing scheme, and a data packet queue management system to optimize the information content of a transmitted message in, for example, the Ocean of Things (OoT) environment. The modular message structure starts with a header that provides critical information and reference points for time and location. The rest of the message is composed of modular data packets, each of which has a data ID section that the message decoder uses for reference when reconstructing the message contents, an optional size section that specifies the length of the following data section if it can contain data of variable length, and a data section that can be compressed in a manner unique to that data type. The message packing scheme uses a combination of priority level and minimum reporting interval, both of which are dynamically configurable for each data packet type, to maximize the value of the information contained in the modular data packets included in each message. Finally, the data packet queues manage temporary storage of data packets that have been generated but not yet included in an outgoing message.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H04L 47/6275 - Queue scheduling characterised by scheduling criteria for service slots or service orders based on priority
  • G06N 5/02 - Knowledge representation; Symbolic representation
  • H04L 43/06 - Generation of reports
  • H04L 47/56 - Queue scheduling implementing delay-aware scheduling
  • H04L 69/22 - Parsing or analysis of headers

9.

METAMATERIAL ARRAY-BASED FIELD-SHAPING

      
Application Number US2022051172
Publication Number 2024/025582
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-11-29
Publication Date 2024-02-01
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Thyagarajan, Krishnan
  • Somogyi, Christopher

Abstract

A feedback system (10) that identifies characteristics of an object (44, 164, 74) and utilizes the characteristics to initiate and adjust a field applied to the object (44, 164, 74) is provided. The system includes an array (49) of array phase elements (42a, 42b) made of metamaterials that allow precise shaping of the field to be applied to a particular portion of an object (44, 164, 74) based on characteristics (23, 25) of the object (44, 164, 74). Sensors (41, 54, 71) are utilized to monitor a condition of the object (44, 164, 74) being supercooled. Specifically, characteristics (23, 25) of the object (44, 164, 74) are measured at different points, areas, or volumes on the object and the measurements (23, 25) are used to determine whether a desired result is being achieved. Based on the measurements, parameters (23, 25) of the field can be adjusted (88).

IPC Classes  ?

  • H04B 7/06 - Diversity systems; Multi-antenna systems, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the transmitting station
  • A23L 3/26 - Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general, e.g. pasteurising, sterilising, specially adapted for foods or foodstuffs by irradiation without heating

10.

FEEDBACK-BASED COLLOID PHASE CHANGE CONTROL

      
Application Number US2022051187
Publication Number 2024/025583
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-11-29
Publication Date 2024-02-01
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Thyagarajan, Krishnan
  • Somogyi, Christopher

Abstract

A feedback system (10) and method that identify characteristics of a colloid (62) and utilize the characteristics to initiate and adjust a field applied to the colloid are described. Machine learning can be leveraged to automatically identify a condition (23, 25) of the colloid and adjust the field parameters (23, 25). Sensors are utilized e.g. during supercooling to monitor a condition of the colloid being supercooled. Specifically, characteristics of the colloid are measured and used to determine whether supercooling is being achieved or whether the colloid is starting to undergo an undesirable phase change. Based on the measurements, parameters of the field can be adjusted. When desired, rate of phase change can be controlled to achieve desired characteristics of the colloid. Further, under some circumstances, a phase change (such as freezing or melting) of a colloid (such as chocolate) may be desired.

IPC Classes  ?

  • A01N 1/02 - Preservation of living parts
  • A23L 3/36 - Freezing; Subsequent thawing; Cooling
  • A23L 5/30 - Physical treatment, e.g. electrical or magnetic means, wave energy or irradiation

11.

CONTACT INTERFACING MATERIAL RECEPTACLE

      
Application Number US2022051193
Publication Number 2024/025587
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-11-29
Publication Date 2024-02-01
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Thyagarajan, Krishnan
  • Somogyi, Christopher
  • Doris, Sean Emerson

Abstract

A contact interfacing conductive receptacle (47) is provided. The contact interfacing conductive receptacle (47) includes a housing sized to receive an object (28) including water. The housing includes one or more non-transfer material pieces (48) and two or more transfer material pieces (46). Each transfer material piece (46) is configured to provide conductivity and provides a field to a different portion of the object (28). The transfer material pieces (46) are integrated with the non-transfer material pieces (48).

IPC Classes  ?

  • A23B 4/06 - Freezing; Subsequent thawing; Cooling
  • A23L 3/32 - Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general, e.g. pasteurising, sterilising, specially adapted for foods or foodstuffs by treatment with electric currents without heating effect
  • A23L 3/36 - Freezing; Subsequent thawing; Cooling

12.

FEEDBACK-BASED NUCLEATION CONTROL DURING SUPERCOOLING

      
Application Number US2022051201
Publication Number 2024/025588
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-11-29
Publication Date 2024-02-01
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Thyagarajan, Krishnan
  • Somogyi, Christopher

Abstract

A method (30) for feedback-based supercooling. One or more composition characteristics of an object, such as a food object, are identified (31). A value for the identified composition characteristics, such as a fat content, is determined. One or more parameters are determined (32) for one or more fields, including electromagnetic, magnetic or electric fields based on the determined values for one or more of the identified composition characteristics. The object is supercooled by applying (33) the fields to the object using the parameters. One or more of the composition characteristics or characteristics of the field are monitored (35) during application of the fields via at least one feedback sensor and one or more of the parameters for the field are adjusted (37) based on the monitored composition characteristics or field characteristics.

IPC Classes  ?

  • A01N 1/02 - Preservation of living parts
  • A23L 3/36 - Freezing; Subsequent thawing; Cooling
  • F25D 11/00 - Self-contained movable devices associated with refrigerating machinery, e.g. domestic refrigerators

13.

FEEDBACK-BASED DEVICE FOR NUCLEATION CONTROL

      
Application Number US2022051205
Publication Number 2024/025589
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-11-29
Publication Date 2024-02-01
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Thyagarajan, Krishnan
  • Somogyi, Christopher

Abstract

A feedback-based device (11) for nucleation control is provided. A supercooling tray (40) is sized to hold an object (44). Field generators (42 a,b, 43 a,b) include at least one magnet (42 a,b) or a pair of electrodes (43 a,b) located on opposite sides of the supercooling tray. One or more feedback sensors (41) are configured to determine characteristics of the object (44) at one or more spatial locations at multiple time points and each feedback sensor (41) includes one of a reflectivity, electrical, acoustic, or hyperspectral sensor. A controller (45) is configured to determine supercooling parameters based on the characteristics determined at the multiple time points and to control application of a field directed at the object (44) by the field generators (42 a,b, 43 a,b) based on the supercooling parameter.

IPC Classes  ?

  • A01N 1/02 - Preservation of living parts
  • A23L 3/36 - Freezing; Subsequent thawing; Cooling
  • F25D 11/00 - Self-contained movable devices associated with refrigerating machinery, e.g. domestic refrigerators

14.

CONTROLLING CRYSTALLIZED FORMS OF WATER

      
Application Number US2022051210
Publication Number 2024/025590
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-11-29
Publication Date 2024-02-01
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Thyagarajan, Krishnan
  • Somogyi, Christopher

Abstract

A method (40) for forming crystallized forms of water is provided. Water is maintained (41) in a container. A field is applied (53) to the water, and the water is maintained (42) in liquid form at a below freezing temperature via the applied field. Movement of the water in liquid form is created (44) out of the container and ice is formed from the water upon the movement from the container.

IPC Classes  ?

15.

FEEDBACK-BASED BEVERAGE SUPERCOOLING

      
Application Number US2022051189
Publication Number 2024/025584
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-11-29
Publication Date 2024-02-01
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Thyagarajan, Krishnan
  • Somogyi, Christopher

Abstract

A method (30) for feedback-based beverage (27) supercooling is provided. An object is identified as a liquid beverage (27). Cooling is applied (34) to the beverage. The beverage (27) reaches a temperature in a range of -1° C and -20° C and maintains a liquid form. The beverage (27) maintains a liquid form via at least one field applied to the beverage (27). The field is adjusted (38) based on a change in characteristics of the beverage to maintain the liquid form.

IPC Classes  ?

  • A23L 3/36 - Freezing; Subsequent thawing; Cooling
  • F25C 5/20 - Distributing ice
  • F25D 23/12 - Arrangements of compartments additional to cooling compartments; Combinations of refrigerators with other equipment, e.g. stove
  • A23L 3/32 - Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general, e.g. pasteurising, sterilising, specially adapted for foods or foodstuffs by treatment with electric currents without heating effect

16.

CONTROLLING CELL FUNCTIONING AND MOTILITY WITH THE AID OF A DIGITAL COMPUTER

      
Application Number US2022051191
Publication Number 2024/025585
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-11-29
Publication Date 2024-02-01
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Thyagarajan, Krishnan
  • Somogyi, Christopher

Abstract

A feedback-based system 10 and method 30 that identifies (32, 36) characteristics (23, 25) of one or more cells (53, 56, 58) and utilizes the characteristics to initiate (34) and adjust (39) a field applied to the one or more cells (53, 56, 58) are provided. Machine learning can be leveraged to automatically identify characteristics (23, 25) of the cells and adjust (39) the parameters (23, 25) of the field based on the characteristics (23, 25). Sensors (71) are utilized during the application of the field to monitor (36) characteristics (23, 25) and parameters (23, 25). Characteristics (23, 25) of the cells are measured (36) at different points, and the measurements (23, 25) are used to determine whether the desired effect has been achieved. Parameters (23, 25) of the field can be adjusted (39) to achieve the desired effect on cell functioning, cell motility, or both.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C12M 1/36 - Apparatus for enzymology or microbiology including condition or time responsive control, e.g. automatically controlled fermentors
  • C12M 1/42 - Apparatus for the treatment of microorganisms or enzymes with electrical or wave energy, e.g. magnetism, sonic wave
  • C12M 1/34 - Measuring or testing with condition measuring or sensing means, e.g. colony counters
  • G01N 21/00 - Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using sub-millimetre waves, infrared, visible or ultraviolet light
  • G01N 27/00 - Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means

17.

CONTROLLING CELLULAR ADHESION WITH THE AID OF A DIGITAL COMPUTER

      
Application Number US2022051192
Publication Number 2024/025586
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-11-29
Publication Date 2024-02-01
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Thyagarajan, Krishnan
  • Somogyi, Christopher

Abstract

A feedback system (10) and method (30) that identifies characteristics (23, 25) of one or more cells (56) being grown on a metasurface (62) and utilizes the characteristics to initiate (35) and adjust (40) a field applied to the metasurface (62) to control adhesion of the cells (56) to and from the metasurface (62) are provided. The metasurface (62) includes a plurality of structures (57) whose resonances have a wavelength range of 250nm-3microns. In one embodiment, the system (10) and method (30) leverage machine learning to automatically identify characteristics (23, 25) of the one or more cells (56) or the metasurface (62) and adjust (40) the parameters. Sensors (71) are utilized during field application to monitor characteristics (23, 25) of the cells (56) or the metasurface (62) and parameters (23, 25) of the field. Parameters (23, 25) can be adjusted (39) to achieve the desired effect on the detachment.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C12M 3/00 - Tissue, human, animal or plant cell, or virus culture apparatus
  • C12M 1/00 - Apparatus for enzymology or microbiology
  • C12M 1/42 - Apparatus for the treatment of microorganisms or enzymes with electrical or wave energy, e.g. magnetism, sonic wave
  • C12M 1/36 - Apparatus for enzymology or microbiology including condition or time responsive control, e.g. automatically controlled fermentors
  • C12N 13/00 - Treatment of microorganisms or enzymes with electrical or wave energy, e.g. magnetism, sonic waves

18.

COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING WEBSITE NAVIGATION RECOMMENDATIONS

      
Application Number 18209269
Status Pending
Filing Date 2023-06-13
First Publication Date 2023-10-12
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Lyngbaek, Kristian
  • Nelson, Lester D.
  • Bier, Eric A.
  • Szymanski, Margaret H.

Abstract

A system and method for providing Website navigation recommendations is provided. A Web page of interest is identified as a destination Web page. A domain of Web pages related to the destination Web page is determined. Information is extracted from each Web page in the domain and a recommendation comprising instructions for navigating to the destination Web page is generated based on the extracted information.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06F 16/955 - Retrieval from the web using information identifiers, e.g. uniform resource locators [URL]

19.

ELECTROCHEMICAL DESALINATION SYSTEM

      
Application Number 18133023
Status Pending
Filing Date 2023-04-11
First Publication Date 2023-08-24
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Beh, Eugene S.
  • Rivest, Jessica Louis Baker
  • Benedict, Michael
  • Karatay, Elif

Abstract

A system comprises an electrodialysis apparatus, which includes first and second reservoirs, wherein a salt concentration in the first reservoir reduces below a threshold concentration and salt concentration in the second reservoir increases during an operation mode. A first electrode comprises a first solution of a first redox-active electrolyte material, and a second electrode comprises a second solution of a second redox-active electrolyte material. In a first reversible redox reaction between the first electrode and first electrolyte material at least one ion is accepted from the first reservoir, and in a second reversible redox reaction between the second electrode and second electrolyte material at least one ion is driven into the second reservoir. A first type of membrane is disposed between the first and second reservoirs, and a second type of membrane, different from the first type, is disposed between the respective electrodes and reservoirs.

IPC Classes  ?

  • B01D 53/14 - Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases or aerosols by absorption
  • H01M 8/22 - Fuel cells in which the fuel is based on materials comprising carbon or oxygen or hydrogen and other elements; Fuel cells in which the fuel is based on materials comprising only elements other than carbon, oxygen or hydrogen
  • B01D 61/46 - Apparatus therefor
  • B01D 53/26 - Drying gases or vapours
  • H01M 8/18 - Regenerative fuel cells, e.g. redox flow batteries or secondary fuel cells
  • B01D 61/42 - Electrodialysis; Electro-osmosis
  • B01D 61/44 - Ion-selective electrodialysis
  • C02F 1/469 - Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrochemical separation, e.g. by electro-osmosis, electrodialysis, electrophoresis

20.

COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR UPDATING USER INTEREST PROFILES

      
Application Number 18133899
Status Pending
Filing Date 2023-04-12
First Publication Date 2023-08-10
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Bhargava, Preeti
  • Brdiczka, Oliver

Abstract

A computer-implemented system and method for updating user interest profiles is provided. An interest profile having a mapping of interest categories and interest scores for each interest category is obtained. User generated items are identified from online profiles and a portion of the user generated items are associated with a time stamp. A similarity mapping is performed by comparing each user generated item with each interest category. An interest index score is determined for each interest category based on one of the user generated items compared. A threshold is applied to the interest index scores for each category. The interest score associated with one such category in the mapping is replaced with the interest index score, when the interest index score for that category is above the threshold. The interest profile is adjusted by applying a decay to those interest index scores associated with time stamps determined for the categories.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06F 16/9535 - Search customisation based on user profiles and personalisation
  • H04L 67/306 - User profiles
  • G06F 16/22 - Indexing; Data structures therefor; Storage structures
  • G06F 16/28 - Databases characterised by their database models, e.g. relational or object models
  • G06F 16/2457 - Query processing with adaptation to user needs
  • G06F 7/02 - Comparing digital values

21.

REDOX SHUTTLE ASSISTED ELECTRODEIONIZATION

      
Application Number US2022046356
Publication Number 2023/069284
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-10-12
Publication Date 2023-04-27
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Kienitz, Brian
  • Leonard, Mclain
  • Rajan, Aravindh

Abstract

The present disclosure is directed to an electrodialytic stack with a concentrate stream that moves through a concentrate flow path bounded by a central ion exchange membrane and a first outer ion exchange membrane. A dilute stream moves through a dilute flow path bounded by the central ion exchange membrane and a second outer ion exchange membrane. A redox shuttle loop is separated from the concentrate and dilute streams by the first and second outer ion exchange membranes, respectively. The outer ion exchange membranes are a different type than the central ion exchange membrane. Electrodes are operable to apply a voltage across the stack. At least one collection of ion exchange materials is located in at least one of the flow paths. The ion exchange materials migrate ions between the central ion exchange membrane and at least one of the outer ion exchange membranes.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C02F 1/469 - Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrochemical separation, e.g. by electro-osmosis, electrodialysis, electrophoresis
  • B01D 61/48 - Apparatus therefor having one or more compartments filled with ion-exchange material

22.

PIGMENTED PASSIVE RADIATIVE COOLING COATING

      
Application Number 17496528
Status Pending
Filing Date 2021-10-07
First Publication Date 2023-04-13
Owner Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated (USA)
Inventor
  • Meckler, Stephen Matthew
  • Beh, Eugene S.

Abstract

A radiative cooling composition comprises a first component having >55% reflectance in a wavelength range of 0.2 to 2.5 μm and a second component having >0.85 peak thermal emissivity for at least one wavelength in a range of 4-35 μm. A third pigmented component of the composition is configured to emit at least a fraction of absorbed energy, and in certain embodiments the pigmented component comprises at least one phosphor.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C09D 5/33 - Radiation-reflecting paints
  • C09D 5/22 - Luminous paints
  • F28F 13/18 - Arrangements for modifying heat transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing by surface treatment, e.g. polishing

23.

FABRICATION OF BENZOXAZINE FUNCTIONALIZED PARTICLES

      
Document Number 03172613
Status Pending
Filing Date 2022-09-07
Open to Public Date 2023-03-08
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Iftime, Gabriel
  • Wei, Junhua
  • Chintapalli, Mahati

Abstract

A method includes adding particles to an alkaline solution, stirring the solution to cause the particles to acquire hydroxyl groups producing activated particles, dispersing the activated particles into a solvent solution, adding acetylene benzoxazine into the solvent solution, mixing the solvent solution, removing the solvent from the solvent solution to produce acetylene-benzoxazine functionalized particles, and drying the acetylene- benzoxazine functionalized particles. A composition of matter has acetylene- benzoxazine functionalized particles dispersed in a resin.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C08L 101/00 - Compositions of unspecified macromolecular compounds
  • C08K 3/34 - Silicon-containing compounds
  • C08K 9/04 - Ingredients treated with organic substances
  • C08L 79/00 - Compositions of macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming in the main chain of the macromolecule a linkage containing nitrogen with or without oxygen, or carbon only, not provided for in groups
  • C09C 3/08 - Treatment with low-molecular-weight organic compounds
  • B33Y 70/10 - Composites of different types of material, e.g. mixtures of ceramics and polymers or mixtures of metals and biomaterials
  • C04B 35/571 - Fine ceramics obtained from polymer precursors

24.

REDOX-ACTIVE COMPOUNDS AND USES THEREOF

      
Document Number 03168960
Status Pending
Filing Date 2022-07-22
Open to Public Date 2023-01-30
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor Beh, Eugene S.

Abstract

Ferrocene based redox-active compounds have a total number of cyclopentadienyl substituents that is three or greater per ferrocene core. The cyclopentadienyl substituents generally have a linker and a solubilizing group. An aqueous solution of the redox-active compound and a salt may be used as an electrolyte. Aqueous compositions including the redox- active compounds may be used in electrodialysis systems.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C07F 17/02 - Metallocenes of metals of Groups 8, 9 or 10 of the Periodic System
  • B01D 61/42 - Electrodialysis; Electro-osmosis
  • C02F 1/469 - Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrochemical separation, e.g. by electro-osmosis, electrodialysis, electrophoresis

25.

SYSTEM FOR REDOX SHUTTLE SOLUTION MONITORING

      
Application Number US2022072987
Publication Number 2022/272227
Status In Force
Filing Date 2022-06-16
Publication Date 2022-12-29
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor Beh, Eugene

Abstract

An electrodialysis apparatus comprises a first reservoir wherein salt dissolved in solvent is reduced below a threshold concentration and a second reservoir wherein the salt concentration increases. A first electrode contacts a first solution of a first redox-active electrolyte material, and a second electrode contacts a second solution of a second redox-active electrolyte material. A first type of membrane is disposed between the first and second reservoirs and a second type of membrane is disposed between the first electrode and the first reservoir and between the second electrode and the second reservoir. A color measuring device is coupled to at least one of the solutions, and a control system is configured to modify the value of a property of at least one of the first and second solutions in response to detecting a color value of one of the solutions exceeding a threshold color value.

IPC Classes  ?

  • B01D 61/42 - Electrodialysis; Electro-osmosis
  • F24F 3/14 - Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by dehumidification
  • B01D 61/46 - Apparatus therefor
  • H01M 8/18 - Regenerative fuel cells, e.g. redox flow batteries or secondary fuel cells

26.

METHOD AND COMPOSITION OF SCALABLE, INFILTRATION FREE CERAMIC MATRIX COMPOSITE

      
Document Number 03153436
Status Pending
Filing Date 2022-03-24
Open to Public Date 2022-10-03
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Wei, Junhua
  • Iftime, Gabriel
  • Unidad, Jerome
  • Pandey, Rahul
  • Chitapalli, Mahati

Abstract

A ceramic matrix composite has fibers, a ceramic matrix bonded to the fibers, and ceramic particles, distributed throughout the matrix. A method includes mixing a high char ceramic resin precursor with ceramic particles, adding a catalyst to create a mixture, heating the mixture to produce functionalized ceramic particles, and cooling the mixture to produce a resin haying functionalized particles.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C04B 35/80 - Fibres, filaments, whiskers, platelets, or the like
  • C04B 35/64 - Burning or sintering processes
  • C04B 35/84 - Impregnated or coated materials

27.

CARBON FIBER FABRICATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

      
Document Number 03130178
Status Pending
Filing Date 2021-09-08
Open to Public Date 2022-03-25
Owner
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
  • IFTIME, GABRIEL (USA)
  • BOYSEN, DANE ANDREW (USA)
Inventor
  • Desai, Divyaraj
  • Rivest, Jessica Louis Baker

Abstract

Methods comprising: contacting a carbon fiber seed to a carbon-metal melt, drawing the carbon fiber seed to form a carbon fiber. And, systems and apparatuses comprising: a carbon fiber reactor for fabricating carbon fiber, the reactor comprising a receptacle for containing a carbon-metal melt, and a plurality of nozzles through which a plurality of menisci are formed by the carbon-metal melt for contact with a carbon seed to fabricate the carbon fiber.

IPC Classes  ?

  • D01F 9/12 - Carbon filaments; Apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture thereof

28.

TUNABLE, RAPID UPTAKE, AMINOPOLYMER AEROGEL SORBENT FOR CAPTURE OF CO2

      
Document Number 03184335
Status Pending
Filing Date 2021-05-04
Open to Public Date 2021-12-02
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Chintapalli, Mahati
  • Meckler, Stephen
  • Iftime, Gabriel
  • Pandey, Rahul
  • Louie, Mary
  • Beh, Eugene Shin Ming

Abstract

A porous polymer aerogel, wherein the aerogel has greater than 5 wt% of amine containing vinyl monomers integrated into a polymer backbone. A method of fabrication of a porous polymer aerogel amine material, includes preparing a solution comprising at least a solvent, amine monomers having protected amino groups, one or more crosslinkers, one or more radical initiators, and a nitroxide mediator, removing oxygen from the solution, heating the solution to promote polymerization and to produce a polymerized material, performing solvent exchange with the polymerized material, causing a deprotection reaction in the polymerized material to remove groups protecting the amino groups, soaking and rinsing the material to remove excess reagents and any byproducts of the deprotection reaction, and drying the material to produce the amine sorbent. A system to separate CO2 from other gases, comprising a polymer porous aerogel sorbent having greater than 5 wt% of amine containing vinyl monomers integrated into a polymer backbone.

IPC Classes  ?

  • B01J 13/00 - Colloid chemistry, e.g. the production of colloidal materials or their solutions, not otherwise provided for; Making microcapsules or microballoons
  • B01J 20/26 - Synthetic macromolecular compounds
  • B01J 20/28 - Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof characterised by their form or physical properties

29.

2

      
Application Number US2021030661
Publication Number 2021/242485
Status In Force
Filing Date 2021-05-04
Publication Date 2021-12-02
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Chintapalli, Mahati
  • Meckler, Stephen
  • Iftime, Gabriel
  • Pandey, Rahul
  • Louie, Mary
  • Beh, Eugene Shin Ming

Abstract

A porous polymer aerogel, wherein the aerogel has greater than 5 wt% of amine containing vinyl monomers integrated into a polymer backbone. A method of fabrication of a porous polymer aerogel amine material, includes preparing a solution comprising at least a solvent, amine monomers having protected amino groups, one or more crosslinkers, one or more radical initiators, and a nitroxide mediator, removing oxygen from the solution, heating the solution to promote polymerization and to produce a polymerized material, performing solvent exchange with the polymerized material, causing a deprotection reaction in the polymerized material to remove groups protecting the amino groups, soaking and rinsing the material to remove excess reagents and any byproducts of the deprotection reaction, and drying the material to produce the amine sorbent. A system to separate CO2 from other gases, comprising a polymer porous aerogel sorbent having greater than 5 wt% of amine containing vinyl monomers integrated into a polymer backbone.

IPC Classes  ?

  • B01J 13/00 - Colloid chemistry, e.g. the production of colloidal materials or their solutions, not otherwise provided for; Making microcapsules or microballoons
  • B01J 20/26 - Synthetic macromolecular compounds
  • B01J 20/28 - Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof characterised by their form or physical properties

30.

LIQUID METAL CONDENSATE CATALYZED HYDROCARBON PYROLYSIS

      
Document Number 03161621
Status Pending
Filing Date 2020-11-30
Open to Public Date 2021-06-10
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Rivest, Jessica Louis Baker
  • Desai, Divyaraj
  • Boysen, Dane Andrew
  • Pattekar, Ashish V.

Abstract

Methods comprising: evaporating a catalyst source to produce a catalyst gas; condensing the catalyst gas to produce a catalyst vapor comprising catalyst droplets suspended in a gas phase; and contacting the catalyst vapor with a hydrocarbon gas to catalyze a decomposition reaction of the hydrocarbon gas into hydrogen gas and carbon. And, systems comprising: a catalyst source evaporator that provides a first stream to a reactor; a hydrocarbon source that provides a second stream to the reactor; a cooling column coupled to the reactor via a third stream comprising hydrogen, catalyst liquid, solid carbon, optionally catalyst gas, and optionally unreacted hydrocarbon gas such that the cooling column receives the third stream from the reactor; and wherein the cooling column has effluent streams that include (a) a fourth stream that comprises hydrogen and optionally catalyst gas and (b) a fifth stream that comprises catalyst liquid.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C01B 3/26 - Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen by decomposition of gaseous or liquid organic compounds of hydrocarbons using catalysts
  • C01B 32/05 - Preparation or purification of carbon not covered by groups , , ,
  • B01J 35/12 - Liquids or melts
  • C01B 3/02 - Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen

31.

LIQUID METAL CONDENSATE CATALYZED HYDROCARBON PYROLYSIS

      
Document Number 03161946
Status Pending
Filing Date 2020-12-02
Open to Public Date 2021-06-10
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Rivest, Jessica Louis Baker
  • Desai, Divyaraj
  • Boysen, Dane Andrew
  • Pattekar, Ashish V.

Abstract

Methods comprising: evaporating a catalyst source to produce a catalyst gas; condensing the catalyst gas to produce a catalyst vapor comprising catalyst droplets suspended in a gas phase; and contacting the catalyst vapor with a hydrocarbon gas to catalyze a decomposition reaction of the hydrocarbon gas into hydrogen gas and carbon. And, systems comprising: a catalyst source evaporator that provides a first stream to a reactor; a hydrocarbon source that provides a second stream to the reactor; a cooling column coupled to the reactor via a third stream comprising hydrogen, catalyst liquid, solid carbon, optionally catalyst gas, and optionally unreacted hydrocarbon gas such that the cooling column receives the third stream from the reactor; and wherein the cooling column has effluent streams that include (a) a fourth stream that comprises hydrogen and optionally catalyst gas and (b) a fifth stream that comprises catalyst liquid.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C01B 3/26 - Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen by decomposition of gaseous or liquid organic compounds of hydrocarbons using catalysts
  • C01B 32/05 - Preparation or purification of carbon not covered by groups , , ,
  • B01J 35/12 - Liquids or melts
  • C01B 3/02 - Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen

32.

LIQUID METAL CONDENSATE CATALYZED HYDROCARBON PYROLYSIS

      
Application Number US2020062566
Publication Number 2021/113167
Status In Force
Filing Date 2020-11-30
Publication Date 2021-06-10
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Rivest, Jessica Louis Baker
  • Desai, Divyaraj
  • Boysen, Dane Andrew
  • Pattekar, Ashish V.

Abstract

Methods comprising: evaporating a catalyst source to produce a catalyst gas; condensing the catalyst gas to produce a catalyst vapor comprising catalyst droplets suspended in a gas phase; and contacting the catalyst vapor with a hydrocarbon gas to catalyze a decomposition reaction of the hydrocarbon gas into hydrogen gas and carbon. And, systems comprising: a catalyst source evaporator that provides a first stream to a reactor; a hydrocarbon source that provides a second stream to the reactor; a cooling column coupled to the reactor via a third stream comprising hydrogen, catalyst liquid, solid carbon, optionally catalyst gas, and optionally unreacted hydrocarbon gas such that the cooling column receives the third stream from the reactor; and wherein the cooling column has effluent streams that include (a) a fourth stream that comprises hydrogen and optionally catalyst gas and (b) a fifth stream that comprises catalyst liquid.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C01B 3/26 - Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen by decomposition of gaseous or liquid organic compounds of hydrocarbons using catalysts
  • B01J 35/12 - Liquids or melts
  • B01J 23/06 - Catalysts comprising metals or metal oxides or hydroxides, not provided for in group of zinc, cadmium or mercury
  • B01J 23/843 - Arsenic, antimony or bismuth
  • C01B 32/05 - Preparation or purification of carbon not covered by groups , , ,
  • B01J 31/02 - Catalysts comprising hydrides, coordination complexes or organic compounds containing organic compounds or metal hydrides

33.

LIQUID METAL CONDENSATE CATALYZED HYDROCARBON PYROLYSIS

      
Application Number US2020062787
Publication Number 2021/113288
Status In Force
Filing Date 2020-12-02
Publication Date 2021-06-10
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Rivest, Jessica Louis Baker
  • Desai, Divyaraj
  • Boysen, Dane Andrew
  • Pattekar, Ashish V.

Abstract

Methods comprising: evaporating a catalyst source to produce a catalyst gas; condensing the catalyst gas to produce a catalyst vapor comprising catalyst droplets suspended in a gas phase; and contacting the catalyst vapor with a hydrocarbon gas to catalyze a decomposition reaction of the hydrocarbon gas into hydrogen gas and carbon. And, systems comprising: a catalyst source evaporator that provides a first stream to a reactor; a hydrocarbon source that provides a second stream to the reactor; a cooling column coupled to the reactor via a third stream comprising hydrogen, catalyst liquid, solid carbon, optionally catalyst gas, and optionally unreacted hydrocarbon gas such that the cooling column receives the third stream from the reactor; and wherein the cooling column has effluent streams that include (a) a fourth stream that comprises hydrogen and optionally catalyst gas and (b) a fifth stream that comprises catalyst liquid.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C01B 3/26 - Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen by decomposition of gaseous or liquid organic compounds of hydrocarbons using catalysts
  • B01J 35/12 - Liquids or melts
  • B01J 23/06 - Catalysts comprising metals or metal oxides or hydroxides, not provided for in group of zinc, cadmium or mercury
  • B01J 23/843 - Arsenic, antimony or bismuth
  • C01B 32/05 - Preparation or purification of carbon not covered by groups , , ,
  • B01J 31/02 - Catalysts comprising hydrides, coordination complexes or organic compounds containing organic compounds or metal hydrides

34.

MODULAR POINT-OF-PURCHASE (POP) DISPLAY

      
Document Number 03070203
Status In Force
Filing Date 2020-01-29
Open to Public Date 2020-08-01
Grant Date 2022-04-19
Owner
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
  • XEROX CORPORATION (USA)
Inventor
  • Smithson, Chad S.
  • Lloyd Williams, Antonio St. Clair
  • Veres, Janos
  • Shen, Ethan

Abstract

There is described is described a modular point-of-purchase display, system and method. The modular point of purchase display includes a back wall and a front wall, a bottom wall, at least one side wall, and at least one shelf. A printed electronic device is affixed to a surface of the back wall, the front wall, the bottom wall, the at least one side wall, and the at least one shelf The display includes a microcontroller electrically coupled to the printed electronic device. The display includes a power supply electrically coupled to the printed electronic device. The display includes a connection device coupled to the printed electronic device. The display includes a modular component coupled to the connection device, wherein the modular component can be removed and replaced with an alternate modular component compatible with the connection device.

IPC Classes  ?

  • A47F 5/00 - Show stands, hangers, or shelves characterised by their constructional features
  • A47F 5/11 - Adjustable or foldable display stands made of cardboard, paper, or the like
  • G09F 9/33 - Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements being semiconductor devices, e.g. diodes

35.

ELECTRODIALYTIC LIQUID DESICCANT DEHUMIDIFYING SYSTEM

      
Application Number US2019062924
Publication Number 2020/112592
Status In Force
Filing Date 2019-11-25
Publication Date 2020-06-04
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Benedict, Michael
  • Beh, Eugene S.
  • Karatay, Elif

Abstract

Air flows across an air-liquid interface such that liquid desiccant flowing through the interface absorbs water from the air and is thereby diluted to form an output stream. The output stream is circulated through an electrodialytic stack having a central ionic exchange membrane and first and second outer ionic exchange membranes. A redox shuttle loop circulates around the first and second outer ionic exchange membranes. A voltage is applied across the electrodialytic stack, which regenerates the liquid desiccant.

IPC Classes  ?

36.

ELECTRODIALYTIC SYSTEM USED TO REMOVE SOLVENT FROM FLUID AND NON-FLUID FLOWS

      
Application Number US2019063157
Publication Number 2020/112712
Status In Force
Filing Date 2019-11-26
Publication Date 2020-06-04
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Beh, Eugene S.
  • Benedict, Michael
  • Karatay, Elif
  • Rivest, Jessica Louis Baker

Abstract

A system includes an electrodialysis device with a salinate chamber through which a salinate stream flows. A desalinate chamber is separated from the salinate chamber by a central, ion-selective membrane. A desalinate stream flows through the desalinate chamber. An anolyte chamber and a catholyte chamber are on opposite outer sides of the salinate and desalinate chambers and separated therefrom by first and second ionic exchange membranes. A solvent exchange interface is in contact on a first side with the salinate stream and is in contact a media flow on a second side. The solvent exchange interface moves a solvent from the media flow to the salinate stream.

IPC Classes  ?

37.

DraftSpark

      
Application Number 1515956
Status Registered
Filing Date 2019-12-11
Registration Date 2019-12-11
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER, INC., (USA)
NICE Classes  ?
  • 09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments
  • 35 - Advertising and business services
  • 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design

Goods & Services

Computer software for collaborative authoring or creation of documents and related content, namely, document management, document search and categorization, document analysis, document creation and editing, document and image processing; software for scanning, importing images and documents; Computer software for document production, document understanding, document and content related workflow management, namely, automated and human systems processing; Computer software that integrates elements comprising natural language processing, natural language generation, natural language understanding, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems processing and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses; electronic media recorded with instruction manuals in the field of computer software for integrating elements comprising natural language processing, natural language generation, natural language understanding, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses; computer programs in the nature of natural language processing software to process financial and legal documents; software for the automation of cognitive analysis, searching and sorting of both numerical and qualitative data; software for the automation of cognitive analysis, searching and sorting of documents; software for use in search and retrieval of information and for social networking. Business management consulting; data processing services; namely, business data analysis, market research; collection and systemization of business data; compilation of business data; preparation of statistics, namely, compiling statistics for business purposes; business information services; business management consulting services and business management and consulting services relating to computer that integrates Natural Language Processing; business development services; data processing services and cloud-based business services, namely, business consultation services via cloud computing networks arranging and conducting trade show exhibitions in the field of computers, computer services, information technology and electronic business transactions via a global computer network, computer that integrates Natural Language Processing, Computational Linguistics, Information Retrieval Human systems processing, automated systems processing and Machine Learning capable of understanding general human queries and formulating responses. Providing cloud-based software, computer network based collaborative authoring software for document and content management comprising of document management, document search and categorization, document analysis, document creation and editing, document and image processing for documents including proposals, contracts, patents, statements of work, requests for information, sales, marketing materials including collateral, instruction manuals; providing on-line non-downloadable software for searching, retrieving, tracking, analyzing, and storing marketing data and for developing and delivering marketing campaigns; providing on-line non-downloadable cloud-based or computer network based software featuring software for searching, creating, saving, editing, displaying, sending, signing, and managing, contracts, regulatory filings, compliance documents, health records, clinical trials documentation and other legal documents; computer software consultancy utilizing natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses; consultancy services in relation to search and social networking software utilizing natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend human queries and formulate confidence-based responses; design and development of computer software; design and development of cloud-based computer software; design and development of computer network software; providing cloud-based computer software in the field of natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems, machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses, process financial and legal documents; providing on-line non- downloadable cloud-based software for services in the field of natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses, process financial and legal documents; design and installation of automation software technology services; providing on-line non-downloadable automation software technology services, namely, providing cloud-based software featuring technology for enabling ai machine learning for use in scientific research; automation software technology services, namely, providing cloud-based software featuring technology for enabling AI machine learning for use in regulatory matters, design of data processing apparatus, cloud-based software for utilizing natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend human queries and formulate confidence-based responses; providing on-line non-downloadable cloud-based software development, programming and implementation in relation to utilizing natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend human queries and formulate confidence-based responses; providing on-line non-downloadable computer software services for the computerized automation of administrative processes; Providing cloud-based software for patents, namely, software for searching, analyzing, evaluating, generating, drafting, filing, prosecuting, managing, licensing, trading, and litigating patents, patent applications, patent-related documents, utilizing natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses.

38.

DraftSpark

      
Application Number 201279500
Status Registered
Filing Date 2019-12-11
Registration Date 2022-06-22
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER, INC., (USA)
NICE Classes  ?
  • 09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments
  • 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design

Goods & Services

(1) Recorded and downloadable computer software for collaborative authoring or creation of documents and related content, namely, document management, document search and categorization, document analysis, document creation and editing, document and image processing; recorded and downloadable software for scanning, importing images and documents; recorded and downloadable computer software for document production, document and content related workflow management, namely, automated and human systems processing; recorded and downloadable computer software that integrates elements comprising natural language processing, natural language generation, natural language understanding, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems processing and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses; CD-ROMs sold with instruction manuals therefor, all featuring information on computer software for integrating elements comprising natural language processing, natural language generation, natural language understanding, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses; CD-ROMs featuring computer software for use in integrating elements comprising natural language processing, natural language generation, natural language understanding, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses, which is sold with instruction manuals therefor; recorded and downloadable computer programs in the nature of natural language processing software to process financial and legal documents; recorded and downloadable software for the automation of cognitive analysis, searching and sorting of both numerical and qualitative data; recorded and downloadable software for the automation of cognitive analysis, searching and sorting of documents; software for use in search and retrieval of information, namely, computer search engine software; software for social networking. (1) Providing the temporary use of online nondownloadable software, namely, cloud-based software for use in database management in the medical field; providing the temporary use of online nondownlodable software, namely, computer network based collaborative authoring software for document and content management comprising computer programs for use in document management, document search and categorization, document analysis, document creation and editing, and document and image processing for documents with the foregoing being for documents including proposals, contracts, patents, statements of work, requests for information, sale documents, marketing materials, collateral-related marketing materials, and instruction manuals; providing the temporary use of online nondownloadable software for searching, retrieving, tracking, analyzing, and storing marketing data and for developing and delivering marketing campaigns; providing the temporary use of online nondownloadable software via the cloud and computer networks, namely, software for searching, creating, saving, editing, displaying, sending, signing, and managing contracts, regulatory filings, compliance documents, health records, clinical trials documentation and other legal documents; computer software consultancy utilizing natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses; computer software consultancy services in relation to search and social networking software utilizing natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend human queries and formulate confidence-based responses; design and development of computer software; design and development of cloud-based computer software; design and development of computer network software; providing cloud-based computer software, namely, providing software as a service (SAAS) services featuring software for use in content management analysis processing, all for use in the fields of natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems, machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses, processing financial and legal documents; cloud-based software for services, namely, providing software as a service (SAAS) services featuring software for use in content management analysis processing, all for use in the fields of natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses, and processing financial and legal documents; automation software technology services, namely, providing the temporary use of online nondownloadable cloud-based software featuring technology for enabling artificial intelligence (AI) machine learning for use in scientific research; automation software technology services, namely, providing the temporary use of online nondownloadable cloud-based software featuring technology for enabling artificial intelligence (AI) machine learning for use in regulatory matters and design of data processing apparatuses; providing cloud-based software, namely, providing the temporary use of online nondownloadable cloud-based software for utilizing natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend human queries and formulate confidence-based responses; cloud-based software development, programming and implementation in relation to utilizing natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend human queries and formulate confidence-based responses; computer software services, namely, providing the temporary use of online nondownloadable software for use in workflow management for the computerized automation of administrative processes; providing cloud-based software for patents utilizing natural language processing, computational linguistics, information retrieval, human systems processing, automated systems and machine learning to comprehend queries and formulate responses, namely, providing the temporary use of online nondownloadable software for searching, analyzing, evaluating, generating, drafting, filing, prosecuting, managing, licensing, trading, and litigating patents, and for use in searching, analyzing, evaluating, generating, drafting, filing, prosecuting, and managing patent applications, and for use in searching, analyzing, evaluating, generating, drafting, and filing patent-related documents.

39.

Method for printing viewable transparent ink

      
Application Number 15954346
Grant Number 10464342
Status In Force
Filing Date 2018-04-16
First Publication Date 2019-10-17
Grant Date 2019-11-05
Owner
  • Xerox Corporation (USA)
  • Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated (USA)
Inventor
  • Mcconville, Paul J.
  • Breed, Dale R.
  • Steurrys, Christine A.

Abstract

A method for printing including disposing a first ink onto a substrate to form a first ink layer on the substrate in an area where a diagnostic image will be printed; disposing a second ink onto the first ink layer to form a second ink diagnostic image, wherein the first ink has a first color density and the second ink has a second color density that is different from the first ink color density, wherein the second ink drops hit and displace areas of the first ink layer creating holes which provide a density contrast; curing or drying after forming the second ink diagnostic image; wherein the second ink diagnostic image is rendered visible by the contrast between the second ink diagnostic image and the substrate as compared to the first ink layer and the substrate.

IPC Classes  ?

  • B41J 2/21 - Ink jet for multi-colour printing
  • B41M 5/00 - Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
  • B41J 3/407 - Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed for marking on special material
  • B41M 7/00 - After-treatment of printed works, e.g. heating, irradiating

40.

TEXTILE PRETREATMENT FOR DIGITAL PRINTING

      
Document Number 03037158
Status In Force
Filing Date 2019-03-19
Open to Public Date 2019-09-22
Grant Date 2021-11-02
Owner
  • XEROX CORPORATION (USA)
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Chopra, Naveen
  • Mcconville, Paul J.
  • Belelie, Jennifer L.
  • Condello, Anthony S.
  • Street, Robert A.
  • Jackson, Warren

Abstract

The present teachings include a process, system and article for forming a printed image on a textile. The process includes coating the solution of an orthosilicate to form a silica network on the textile. The process includes applying an ink composition to the textile having the silica network on the textile, forming an image.

IPC Classes  ?

  • B41F 17/00 - Printing apparatus or machines of special types or for particular purposes, not otherwise provided for
  • B41M 5/50 - Recording sheets characterised by the coating used to improve ink, dye or pigment receptivity, e.g. for ink-jet or thermal dye transfer recording

41.

TEXTILE PRETREATMENT FOR DIGITAL PRINTING

      
Document Number 03036611
Status In Force
Filing Date 2019-03-13
Open to Public Date 2019-09-15
Grant Date 2021-09-07
Owner
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
  • XEROX CORPORATION (USA)
Inventor
  • Chopra, Naveen
  • Mcconville, Paul J.
  • Belelie, Jennifer L.
  • Condello, Anthony S.
  • Street, Robert A.
  • Jackson, Warren

Abstract

The present teachings include a process, system and article for forming a printed image on a textile. In some embodiments, the process includes coating the textile with a layer of polydiallyldimethyl ammonium chloride cationic polymer and coating the textile with the layer of polydiallyldimethyl ammonium chloride cationic polymer with a layer of poly- 4-styrene sulfonate anionic polymer. The process can further include applying an ink composition to the textile having the layer of polydiallyldimethyl ammonium chloride cationic polymer layer and the layer of poly-4-styrene sulfonate anionic polymer, forming an image.

IPC Classes  ?

  • B41F 17/38 - Printing apparatus or machines of special types or for particular purposes, not otherwise provided for for printing on knitted fabrics
  • B41F 23/00 - Devices for treating the surfaces of sheets, webs or other articles in connection with printing
  • D06P 5/00 - Other features in dyeing or printing textiles or dyeing leather, furs or solid macromolecular substances in any form

42.

ANNEALED METAL NANO-PARTICLE DECORATED NANOTUBES

      
Application Number US2018067066
Publication Number 2019/126631
Status In Force
Filing Date 2018-12-21
Publication Date 2019-06-27
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Iftime, Gabriel
  • Kim, Beomseok
  • Smith, Clinton
  • Cocker, Eric
  • Wei, Junhua
  • Schwartz, David Eric
  • Meyyappan, Meyya
  • Pandey, Rahul
  • Zhang, Yong

Abstract

Disclosed are methods and systems of providing carbon nanotubes decorated with polymer coated metal nanoparticles. Then, annealing the metal coated carbon nanotubes to reduce a quantity of hydrophilic components of the polymer coating.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C01B 32/176 - Cutting
  • C01B 32/168 - After-treatment
  • G01N 27/12 - Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance by investigating resistance of a solid body in dependence upon reaction with a fluid

43.

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PYROLYSIS USING A LIQUID METAL CATALYST

      
Document Number 03014935
Status In Force
Filing Date 2018-08-17
Open to Public Date 2019-02-21
Grant Date 2022-05-31
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Desai, Divyaraj
  • Rivest, Jessica Louis Baker

Abstract

A process for decomposing a hydrocarbon-containing composition incudes feeding the hydrocarbon-containing composition to a reactor containing a catalytically active molten metal or a catalytically active molten metal alloy, wherein the metal or alloy catalyzes a decomposition reaction of the hydrocarbon-containing composition into a hydrogen-rich gas phase and a solid carbon phase. The solid carbon phase is insoluble in the metal or alloy. The process may be a continuous process.

IPC Classes  ?

  • C01B 3/26 - Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen by decomposition of gaseous or liquid organic compounds of hydrocarbons using catalysts
  • C10B 53/02 - Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form of cellulose-containing material
  • C10B 53/06 - Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form of oil shale or bituminous rocks
  • C10B 55/00 - Coking mineral oils, bitumen, tar or the like, or mixtures thereof, with solid carbonaceous materials

44.

META-ANTENNA

      
Document Number 03012151
Status In Force
Filing Date 2018-07-23
Open to Public Date 2019-02-04
Grant Date 2021-01-05
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor Daniel, George W.

Abstract

A small, inexpensive, printable meta-antenna system is described. In addition to being smaller than existing antennas, the meta-antenna improves over them by being omni- directional, and having a broader gain function and better efficiency. Some embodiments include a main element with a shape of a loop and two parasitic elements enclosed by the main element. Each parasitic element may be shaped as a loop with an opening. The openings of the two parasitic elements may be positioned adjacent to opposing sides of the main element, respectively.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H01Q 7/00 - Loop antennas with a substantially uniform current distribution around the loop and having a directional radiation pattern in a plane perpendicular to the plane of the loop
  • H01Q 1/38 - Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella formed by a conductive layer on an insulating support

45.

METHODS FOR REJUVENATING AN IMAGING MEMBER OF AN INK-BASED DIGITAL PRINTING SYSTEM

      
Document Number 02975485
Status In Force
Filing Date 2017-08-03
Open to Public Date 2018-02-18
Grant Date 2019-10-29
Owner
  • XEROX CORPORATION (USA)
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Stowe, Timothy D.
  • Anderson, Gregory B.
  • Badesha, Santokh S.
  • Kanungo, Mandakini

Abstract

Disclosed herein are methods for an ink-based digital printing system, comprising providing an imaging member a reimageable surface layer disposed on a structural mounting layer, the reimageable surface layer comprising a fluorosilicone elastomer and an infrared-absorbing filler comprising carbon black, and a plurality of surface defects on the reimageable surface layer, wherein the surface defects comprises carbon black exposed through the fluorosilicone elastomer of the reimageable surface layer. The method also comprises applying a coating of rejuvenating oil comprising an amino-functional organopolysiloxane to the reimageable surface layer, whereby at least a portion of the plurality of surface defects are coated by the amino-functional organopolysiloxane, thereby rejuvenating the imaging member.

IPC Classes  ?

  • B41F 31/00 - Inking arrangements or devices
  • C09D 183/08 - Polysiloxanes containing silicon bound to organic groups containing atoms other than carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

46.

DEVICE COMPRISING DIELECTRIC INTERLAYER

      
Document Number 02974286
Status In Force
Filing Date 2017-07-19
Open to Public Date 2018-01-28
Grant Date 2021-08-03
Owner
  • XEROX CORPORATION (USA)
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Song, Guiqin
  • Mei, Ping
  • Hu, Nan-Xing
  • Whiting, Gregory
  • Abraham, Biby Esther

Abstract

A process for preparing a device and a device including a substrate; an interlayer disposed on the substrate, wherein the interlayer comprises a cured film formed from an interlayer composition, wherein the interlayer composition comprises: an epoxy compound; a polyvinyl phenol; a melamine resin; a solvent; an optional surfactant; and an optional catalyst; a source electrode and a drain electrode disposed on a surface of the interlayer; a semiconductor layer disposed on the interlayer, wherein the semiconductor layer is disposed into a gap between the source and drain electrode; a back channel interface comprising an interface between the semiconductor layer and the interlayer, wherein the interlayer serves as a back channel dielectric layer for the device; a dielectric layer disposed on the semiconductor layer; a gate electrode disposed on the dielectric layer. Also an interlayer composition and an organic thin film transistor comprising the interlayer composition.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H01L 29/12 - Semiconductor bodies characterised by the materials of which they are formed
  • B82Y 30/00 - Nanotechnology for materials or surface science, e.g. nanocomposites
  • H01L 29/772 - Field-effect transistors
  • C09D 11/52 - Electrically conductive inks

47.

Computer-implemented system and method for detecting vehicle occupancy

      
Application Number 14280491
Grant Number 09547085
Status In Force
Filing Date 2014-05-16
First Publication Date 2015-11-19
Grant Date 2017-01-17
Owner Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated (USA)
Inventor
  • Bell, Alan G.
  • Tuganov, Alexander
  • Maeda, Patrick Y.

Abstract

A computer-implemented system and method for detecting vehicle occupancy is provided. Light beam pulses emitted from a lidar system are applied to a passing vehicle. Scans of an object are generated from the light beam pulses. A signal is received from each of the beam pulses reflected at a point of reflection along a segment of the vehicle. A time is measured from when each beam pulse was emitted to receipt of the signal. A distance of the signal from the lidar system is calculated using the measured time. The points of reflection for that vehicle segment are positioned in relation to one another as a scan. The scans are compiled in a consecutive order according to the vehicle and a three-dimensional image of an interior of the vehicle is generated from the consecutive scans. A presence or absence of vehicle occupancy is determined based on the three-dimensional image.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01C 3/08 - Use of electric radiation detectors
  • G01S 17/42 - Simultaneous measurement of distance and other coordinates
  • G01S 17/02 - Systems using the reflection of electromagnetic waves other than radio waves
  • G01S 17/89 - Lidar systems, specially adapted for specific applications for mapping or imaging
  • G01S 7/48 - RADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES - Details of systems according to groups , , of systems according to group
  • G01S 17/50 - Systems of measurement based on relative movement of target

48.

FLUID DELIVERY DEVICES AND METHODS

      
Application Number US2014064030
Publication Number 2015/069700
Status In Force
Filing Date 2014-11-05
Publication Date 2015-05-14
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Abhishek, Ramkumar
  • Linn, Felicia

Abstract

Devices and methods are provided for fluid delivery. The device may include a housing having an outer surface which includes a porous membrane, a fluid reservoir disposed in the interior region of the main housing and formed at least in part by a wall structure, a puncture mechanism operable to puncture the wall structure and form a fluidic path between the fluid reservoir and one or more channels in fluid communication with the porous membrane, and a positive displacement mechanism operable, following puncture of the wall structure, to drive a fluid out of the fluid reservoir, through the one or more channels, and into the porous membrane.

IPC Classes  ?

  • A61M 5/148 - Pressure infusion, e.g. using pumps using pressurised reservoirs, e.g. by means of pistons flexible
  • A61M 5/142 - Pressure infusion, e.g. using pumps
  • A61M 5/162 - Needle sets, i.e. connections by puncture between reservoir and tube
  • A61K 9/00 - Medicinal preparations characterised by special physical form
  • A61M 31/00 - Devices for introducing or retaining media, e.g. remedies, in cavities of the body
  • A61M 5/145 - Pressure infusion, e.g. using pumps using pressurised reservoirs, e.g. by means of pistons

49.

HYDRODYNAMIC SEPARATION USING HIGH ASPECT RATIO CHANNELS

      
Application Number US2014042274
Publication Number 2014/201331
Status In Force
Filing Date 2014-06-13
Publication Date 2014-12-18
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Volkel, Armin, R.
  • Paschkewitz, John, S.
  • Hsieh, Huangpin, B.
  • Melde, Kai

Abstract

A Hydrodynamic separation device using curved channels is provided. High aspect ratio channels improve the focusing dynamics of the hydrodynamic separator and leads to improved channel design choices.

IPC Classes  ?

50.

HDS CHANNEL EXIT DESIGNS FOR IMPROVED SEPARATION EFFICIENCY

      
Application Number US2014042291
Publication Number 2014/201342
Status In Force
Filing Date 2014-06-13
Publication Date 2014-12-18
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Volkel, Armin, R.
  • Melde, Kai
  • Kole, Ashutosh
  • Hsieh, Huangpin, B.

Abstract

Hydrodynamic separation of suspended particles using curved channels offers advantages in many applications, since it is a fast continuous flow technology that can handle neutrally and near neutrally buoyant particles without the need of a physical barrier or the addition of chemical aids. Designs are provided for a flow splitter at the end of the separation channel, to maintain smooth, counter-vortex-free laminar flow and improve particle separation efficiency while reducing clogging and fouling propensities.

IPC Classes  ?

  • B01D 21/26 - Separation of sediment aided by centrifugal force

51.

DEVICES AND METHODS FOR INTRALUMINAL RETENTION AND DRUG DELIVERY

      
Application Number US2013064215
Publication Number 2014/113097
Status In Force
Filing Date 2013-10-10
Publication Date 2014-07-24
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Johnson, David Matthew
  • Sheridan, Martin
  • Uhland, Scott A.
  • Abhishek, Ramkumar
  • Peeters, Eric
  • Curley, Timothy J.
  • Linn, Felicia
  • Schmaelzle, Philipp H.

Abstract

Retention devices and methods are provided for drug delivery. The device may include a housing configured for intraluminal deployment into a human or animal subject and at least one reservoir contained within the housing. The reservoir may have an actuation end and a release end and contain at least one drug formulation. A plug may be contained within the reservoir and be moveable from the actuation end toward the release end. The device may also include an actuation system operably connected to the actuation end of the reservoir and configured to drive the drug formulation from the reservoir. The device may also include at least one retention member affixed to the housing and movable between a non-stressed position, a deployment position, and a retention position for retaining the device in an intraluminal location in the subject.

IPC Classes  ?

  • A61D 7/00 - Devices or methods for introducing solid, liquid, or gaseous remedies or other materials into or onto the bodies of animals
  • A61M 5/145 - Pressure infusion, e.g. using pumps using pressurised reservoirs, e.g. by means of pistons
  • A61M 31/00 - Devices for introducing or retaining media, e.g. remedies, in cavities of the body

52.

DRUG DELIVERY DEVICE WITH MULTIPLE RESERVOIRS

      
Application Number US2013051517
Publication Number 2014/051835
Status In Force
Filing Date 2013-07-22
Publication Date 2014-04-03
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Uhland, Scott, A.
  • Abhishek, Ramkumar
  • Peeters, Eric
  • Curley, Timothy, J.
  • Linn, Felicia

Abstract

Devices and methods are provided for drug delivery. The device may include a housing configured for intraluminal deployment into a human or animal subject and first and second reservoirs within the housing, each reservoir having an actuation end, an opposed release end, and a plug moveable from the actuation end toward the release end. First and second drug formulations may be contained in the first and second reservoirs, respectively. The device may also include one or more actuation systems configured to drive the first and second plugs so as to drive the first and second drug formulations from the first and second reservoirs. The housing may include a porous membrane sidewall in fluid communication with the release ends of the first and second reservoirs, the porous membrane sidewall being configured to distribute the first and second drug formulations driven from the first and second reservoirs.

IPC Classes  ?

  • A61K 9/00 - Medicinal preparations characterised by special physical form
  • A61M 31/00 - Devices for introducing or retaining media, e.g. remedies, in cavities of the body

53.

SINGLE CHANNEL, MULTIPLE DRUG DELIVERY DEVICE

      
Application Number US2013051512
Publication Number 2014/051834
Status In Force
Filing Date 2013-07-22
Publication Date 2014-04-03
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Uhland, Scott, A.
  • Abhishek, Ramkumar
  • Peeters, Eric
  • Curley, Timothy, J.

Abstract

Devices and methods are provided for drug delivery. The device may include a housing configured for intraluminal deployment into a human or animal subject and a reservoir contained within the housing and having an actuation end and a release end. The release end may include at least one outlet. A first drug formulation and a second drug formulation may be disposed within the reservoir and adjacent to each other and immiscible, or separated from each other by a first barrier. The device may also include a plug within the reservoir at the actuation end, the plug being movable toward the release end to drive the first and second drug formulations out of the reservoir. The device may also include an actuation system operably connected to the actuation end of the reservoir and configured to drive the plug toward the release end and release the drug formulations from the reservoir.

IPC Classes  ?

  • A61K 9/00 - Medicinal preparations characterised by special physical form
  • A61M 31/00 - Devices for introducing or retaining media, e.g. remedies, in cavities of the body

54.

DRUG RECONSTITUTION AND DELIVERY DEVICE AND METHODS

      
Application Number US2013051519
Publication Number 2014/051836
Status In Force
Filing Date 2013-07-22
Publication Date 2014-04-03
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Uhland, Scott, A.
  • Linn, Felicia
  • Recht, Michael, I.

Abstract

Devices and methods are provided for drug delivery. The device may include a housing having a first compartment containing a drug in a dry, solid form, a second compartment containing a liquid carrier for the drug, and an expansion member located within or adjacent to the first or second compartment. The second compartment may be fluidly connectable to the first compartment by a rupturable barrier or mechanical valve. The device may also include an actuation system configured to expand the expansion member to rupture the rupturable barrier or open the mechanical valve and permit the liquid carrier to flow into the first compartment and mix with the drug to form a reconstituted drug solution.

IPC Classes  ?

  • A61M 5/19 - Syringes having more than one chamber
  • A61M 5/24 - Ampoule syringes, i.e. syringes with needle for use in combination with replaceable ampoules or cartridges, e.g. automatic
  • A61M 5/142 - Pressure infusion, e.g. using pumps

55.

The Business of Breakthroughs

      
Application Number 1052312
Status Registered
Filing Date 2010-09-16
Registration Date 2010-09-16
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER, INC. (USA)
NICE Classes  ?
  • 35 - Advertising and business services
  • 42 - Scientific, technological and industrial services, research and design

Goods & Services

Business consultation in Internet commerce. Consulting, research and development services in the fields of printing technology, semiconductors, lasers, linguistics, microscale devices, sensing and diagnostic electronics, distributed control, electronic displays, robotics, cryptography and security electronics, image recognition, compression and processing, document representations, image and video analysis, and document content analysis; software applications development; software systems design; network design.

56.

CCNX

      
Application Number 145649900
Status Registered
Filing Date 2009-10-23
Registration Date 2012-01-13
Owner Palo Alto Research Center Inc. (USA)
NICE Classes  ? 09 - Scientific and electric apparatus and instruments

Goods & Services

(1) Software for network transmission and management; software for creating, facilitating, and managing remote access to and communication with local area networks; software for accessing information directories on internet and intranet computer networks, for management of computer networks interconnecting applications, for data merging; software for electronic file locating, referencing, data extracting, linking, integrating, transforming the information; computer software for electronic data processing of structured and unstructured information for purposes of recognition, classification, and retrieval, as well as intelligent content identification and matching.

57.

DYNAMIC DOMAIN ABSTRACTION THROUGH META-ANALYSIS

      
Application Number US2007085522
Publication Number 2008/143700
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-11-26
Publication Date 2008-11-27
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor De Kleer, Johan

Abstract

A modeled-based reasoning system and method including dynamic domain abstraction, includes the use of an abstraction determining module configured to identify an appropriate abstraction level for a system model of a real-world system to be analyzed, from a plurality of potential abstraction levels. A system reasoning module is configured to perform analysis on the system model of the real-world system at the abstraction level determined to be appropriate by the abstraction determining module.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06F 17/00 - Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions

58.

DIAGNOSING INTERMITTENT FAULTS

      
Application Number US2007085527
Publication Number 2008/143701
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-11-26
Publication Date 2008-11-27
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor De Kleer, Johan

Abstract

A method and system for diagnosing any combination of persistent and intermittent faults. The behavior of a system under test is obtained by measuring or probing the system at a particular location(s). The predicted behavior of a modeled system corresponding to the system under test is investigated by drawing inferences based on at least conditional probabilities, prior observations and component models. The predictions are compared to their corresponding points in the system under test. A determination is made if a conflict exists between the measured behavior and the predicted behavior, and the conditional probabilities are adjusted to more and more accurately reflect the action fault(s) in the system under test. The conflicts or deviations between the obtained predicted behavior and the actual behavior are used to isolate the components of the system causing the faults.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06F 11/00 - Error detection; Error correction; Monitoring

59.

TROUBLESHOOTING TEMPORAL BEHAVIOR IN 'COMBINATIONAL' CIRCUITS

      
Application Number US2007085516
Publication Number 2008/143699
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-11-26
Publication Date 2008-11-27
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor De Kleer, Johan

Abstract

A method and computer product is provided to generate a signal model for use in analyzing a model system including imposing an explicit time assumption for each time instant of the system model. The time assumptions are defined so that any two assumptions contradict each other, thereby separating all inferences into the respective times. A non-monotonic rule is applied to instantiate component models of the model system. Results are defined as not depending on the existence of a previous time instant and, a simplified signal model is generated, wherein the signal model represents the evolution of a value in the model system over time.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G01R 31/28 - Testing of electronic circuits, e.g. by signal tracer

60.

PATTERNING SELF-ALIGNED TRANSISTORS USING BACK SURFACE ILLUMINATION

      
Application Number US2008001993
Publication Number 2008/106017
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-02-14
Publication Date 2008-09-04
Owner
  • 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY (USA)
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Haase, Michael, Albert
  • Street, Robert, A.

Abstract

Fabrication methods for making thin film devices on transparent substrates are described. Gate, source, and drain electrodes of a transistor are formed on a transparent substrate. The widths of the drain electrode and source electrodes are greater than a width of the gate electrode. A dielectric layer is formed on the gate electrode. A semiconductor layer is deposited proximate to the gate, source and drain electrodes. Photoresist is deposited on the semiconductor. The photoresist is exposed to light directed through the transparent substrate so that the gate electrode masks the photoresist from the light. The semiconductor layer is removed in regions exposed to the light.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H01L 29/78 - Field-effect transistors with field effect produced by an insulated gate
  • H01L 27/12 - Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being other than a semiconductor body, e.g. an insulating body

61.

METAL TRACE FABRICATION FOR OPTICAL ELEMENT

      
Application Number US2008050790
Publication Number 2008/097687
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-01-10
Publication Date 2008-08-14
Owner
  • SOLFOCUS, INC. (USA)
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Chan, Hing-Wah
  • Ackler, Harold
  • Solberg, Scott, E.
  • Fitch, John Stuart
  • Fork, David K.
  • Duff, David G.
  • Weisberg, Michael C.

Abstract

A system may include an optical element including a surface defining a recess, conductive material disposed within the recess, and a solder mask disposed over a portion of the conductive material. The solder mask may define an aperture through which light from the optical element may pass. Some aspects provide creation of an optical element including a surface defining a recess, deposition of conductive material on the surface such that a portion of the deposited conductive material is disposed within the recess, and substantial planarization of the surface to expose the portion of the conductive material disposed within the recess.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H01L 31/00 - SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES NOT COVERED BY CLASS - Details thereof

62.

THERMAL SPRAY FOR SOLAR CONCENTRATOR FABRICATION

      
Application Number US2008050791
Publication Number 2008/097688
Status In Force
Filing Date 2008-01-10
Publication Date 2008-08-14
Owner
  • SOLFOCUS, INC. (USA)
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Chan, Hing-Wah
  • Fitch, John Stuart
  • Weisberg, Michael C.
  • Duff, David G.

Abstract

A system may include an optical element, a thermal-sprayed material disposed on the optical element, and a solar cell coupled to the optical element. Some aspects provide thermal spraying of a first material onto an optical element, and coupling of a solar cell to the optical element. Thermal spraying the first material may include spraying a molten metal powder onto the optical element.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H01L 31/052 - Cooling means directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. integrated Peltier elements for active cooling or heat sinks directly associated with the PV cells
  • H01L 31/18 - Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof

63.

SOLAR CONCENTRATING PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE WITH RESILIENT CELL PACKAGE ASSEMBLY

      
Application Number US2007067021
Publication Number 2007/130796
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-04-19
Publication Date 2007-11-15
Owner
  • SOLFOCUS, INC. (USA)
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Fork, David K.
  • Duff, David G.
  • Weisberg, Michael C.
  • Zimmerman, Thomas S.
  • Horne, Stephen J.

Abstract

A Cassegrain-type concentrating solar collector cell includes primary and secondary mirrors disposed on opposing convex and concave surfaces of a light-transparent (e.g., glass) optical element. Light enters an aperture surface surrounding the secondary mirror, and is reflected by the primary mirror and the secondary mirror onto a photovoltaic cell, which is disposed in a central cavity formed in the optical element. A resilient, optically transmissive material is disposed in the central cavity between the PV cell and the optical element. The photovoltaic cell as a squarish upper surface including metal electrical contact structures disposed on each of the four corners of the upper surface and arranged to define a circular active area. The PV cell is mounted on a heat slug that is disposed in the central cavity during assembly. The heat slug includes resilient fingers that contact the surface of the cavity to facilitate self-alignment of the PV cell.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H01L 31/042 - PV modules or arrays of single PV cells
  • H02N 6/00 - Generators in which light radiation is directly converted into electrical energy (solar cells or assemblies thereof H01L 25/00, H01L 31/00)
  • H01L 31/00 - SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES NOT COVERED BY CLASS - Details thereof

64.

PASSIVELY COOLED SOLAR CONCENTRATING PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE

      
Application Number US2007067016
Publication Number 2007/130794
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-04-19
Publication Date 2007-11-15
Owner
  • SOLFOCUS, INC. (USA)
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Fork, David K.
  • Horne, Stephen J.

Abstract

A Cassegrain-type concentrating solar collector cell includes primary and secondary mirrors disposed on opposing convex and concave surfaces of a light-transparent (e.g., glass) optical element. Light enters an aperture surface surrounding the secondary mirror, and is reflected by the primary mirror toward the secondary mirror, which re-reflects the light onto a photovoltaic cell. The photovoltaic cell is mounted on a central portion of heat spreader that extends over the primary mirror. The heat spreader transmits waste heat from the photovoltaic cell in a manner that evenly distributes the heat over the optical element, thereby maximizing the radiation of heat from the aperture surface into space. The heat spreader includes a thick copper layer formed on a flexible substrate (e.g., polyimide film) that is patterned with radial arms that facilitate mounting onto the convex surface of the optical element.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H01L 31/00 - SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES NOT COVERED BY CLASS - Details thereof

65.

LAMINATED SOLAR CONCENTRATING PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE

      
Application Number US2007067018
Publication Number 2007/130795
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-04-19
Publication Date 2007-11-15
Owner
  • SOLFOCUS, INC. (USA)
  • PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor
  • Fork, David, K.
  • Horne, Stephen, J.

Abstract

A solar concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) device in which concentrator elements (optics, PV cells and wiring) are laminated to form a composite, substantially planar structure. The concentrator optics are implemented by a solid (e.g. glass) optical element that defines a focal point at which solar light received by the optical element is concentrated. Using vacuum lamination techniques, a printed circuit structure attached by way of an adhesive layer onto a surface of the optical element. The printed circuit structure includes one or more non-conductive layers and conductors that are disposed on the non-conductive layers. The PV cell is connected to printed circuit structure, and is positioned at the focal point of the optical element. Optional front and/or back protective layers are also attached prior to the lamination process. A CPV array includes multiple devices formed on an optical tile using a string-like flexible printed circuit structure.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H01L 31/00 - SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES NOT COVERED BY CLASS - Details thereof

66.

BEAM INTEGRATION FOR CONCENTRATING SOLAR COLLECTOR

      
Application Number US2007009732
Publication Number 2007/127153
Status In Force
Filing Date 2007-04-23
Publication Date 2007-11-08
Owner PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED (USA)
Inventor Maeda, Patrick Y.

Abstract

A concentrating solar collector that utilizes a solar collector optical system to concentrate solar light onto a PV cell (image plane), wherein the solar collector optical system includes an array of first optical elements that divide the solar light into separate beams, and a secondary optical system that integrates (superimposes) the separate beams in a defocused state at the image plane, thereby forming a uniform light distribution pattern on the PV cell. The secondary optical system is positioned at a distance from the aperture plane, whereby the rays of each separate beam leaving the secondary optical element are parallel. The image plane (PV cell) is located at the back focal point of the second image element, whereby all of the separate beams are superimposed on the PV cell in a defocused state. Optional intervening third optical elements are used to increase the acceptance angle.

IPC Classes  ?

  • H01L 31/052 - Cooling means directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. integrated Peltier elements for active cooling or heat sinks directly associated with the PV cells

67.

Generating with Lexical Functional Grammars

      
Application Number 10260652
Grant Number 07225121
Status In Force
Filing Date 2002-09-27
First Publication Date 2003-08-28
Grant Date 2007-05-29
Owner Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated (USA)
Inventor
  • Maxwell, Iii, John T.
  • Shemtov, Hadar

Abstract

A process for generating with unification based grammars such as Lexical Functional Grammars which uses construction and analysis of generation guides to determine internal facts and eliminate incomplete edges prior to constructing a generation chart. The generation guide can then be used in the construction of the generation chart to efficiently generate with unification-based grammars such as Lexical Functional Grammars. The generation guide is an instance of a grammar that has been specialized to the input and only contains those parts of the grammar that are relevant to the input. When the generation guide is analyzed to determine internal facts a smaller generation chart is produced.

IPC Classes  ?

  • G06F 17/27 - Automatic analysis, e.g. parsing, orthograph correction
  • G06F 15/00 - Digital computers in general; Data processing equipment in general